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Prices versus Exams as Strategic Instruments for Competing Universities

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  • del Rey, Elena

    ()

  • Romero, Laura

Abstract

In this paper we investigate the optimal choice of prices and/or exams by universities in the presence of credit constraints. We first compare the optimal behavior of a public, welfare maximizing, monopoly and a private, profit maximizing, monopoly. Then we model competition between a public and a private institution and investigate the new role of exams/prices in this environment. We find that, under certain circumstances, the public university may have an interest to rise tuition fees from minimum levels if it cares for global welfare. This will be the case provided that (i) the private institution has higher quality and uses only prices to select applicants, or (ii) the private institution has lower quality and uses also exams to select students. When this is the case, there are efficiency grounds for raising public prices.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Department of Economics, University of Girona in its series Working Papers of the Department of Economics, University of Girona with number 12.

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Date of creation: Oct 2004
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Handle: RePEc:udg:wpeudg:012

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Keywords: Analysis of Education;

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References

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  1. Gary-Bobo, Robert J. & Trannoy, Alain, 2005. "Efficient Tuition & Fees, Examinations and Subsidies," CEPR Discussion Papers 5011, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  2. Fernández, Raquel, 1998. "Education and Borrowing Constraints: Tests Vs. Prices," CEPR Discussion Papers 1913, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  3. Cremer, Helmuth & Marchand, Maurice & Thisse, Jacques-Francois, 1991. "Mixed oligopoly with differentiated products," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 9(1), pages 43-53, March.
  4. Laura Romero & Elena del Rey, 2004. "Competition Between Public And Private Universities: Quality, Prices And Exams," Economics Working Papers we046423, Universidad Carlos III, Departamento de Economía.
  5. de Fraja, Giovanni & Delbono, Flavio, 1990. " Game Theoretic Models of Mixed Oligopoly," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 4(1), pages 1-17.
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Cited by:
  1. Laura Romero & Elena del Rey, 2004. "Competition Between Public And Private Universities: Quality, Prices And Exams," Economics Working Papers we046423, Universidad Carlos III, Departamento de Economía.
  2. Guilhem Lecouteux & Léonard Moulin, 2013. "From welfare to preferences, do decision flaws matter? The case of tuition fees," Working Papers hal-00807687, HAL.

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