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Estudios de competitividad sectoriales. Industria manufacturera

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Author Info

  • María Inés Terra

    (Departmento de Economía, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad de la República)

  • Gustavo Bittencourt

    (Departmento de Economía, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad de la República)

  • Rosario Domingo

    (Departmento de Economía, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad de la República)

  • Carmen Estrades

    (Departmento de Economía, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad de la República)

  • Gabriel Katz

    (Departmento de Economía, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad de la República)

  • Alvaro Ons

    (Departmento de Economía, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad de la República)

  • Héctor Pastori

    (Departmento de Economía, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad de la República)

Abstract

The aim of this study is to analyse competitiveness in textiles, garments and design, and pharmaceutical industry in Uruguay. In textiles, wool and leather industries are expected in the medium run to maintain their competitive capacity, increasing the importance of design to create products with more aggregate value. Firms in Uruguay that present important advantages will continue to grow, even when growth expectations are moderate, specially for big firms. Public policies could contribute to maintain in this sector low production costs. In garments and design industries it can be expected a recovery in local and regional markets, although there might be some restrictions to this growth: competition with MERCOSUR partners, dynamism in informal sector, and restrictions from factor supply. Competition with global rivals will continue to rise, that together with the quota elimination in destination markets and with the quality improvement of rivals’ products, will constitute a major threaten to our industry. For that reason, it can be expected a moderate general growth in the sector, with some star products. In the pharmaceutical industry, the local market presents slow growth and decreasing prices. Those laboratories that intend to expand towards exports are planning some investments to widen their capacity, but as their competitive area is the one of “generics” they do not consider developing new products. Instead, they tend to assure quality and access requirements from sanitary authorities in buying countries. Future development of this industry in the medium run depends on several complex factors. Finally, this study presents the economic policies that affect our interest sectors.

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File URL: http://decon.edu.uy/publica/2005/Doc2305capituloI.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Department of Economics - dECON in its series Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) with number 2305.

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Length: 347 pages
Date of creation: Oct 2004
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:ude:wpaper:2305

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Related research

Keywords: competitiveness; competitive advantages; pharmaceutics; textiles; garments; industrial policy.;

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Cited by:
  1. Inés Terra & Marisa Bucheli & Carmen Estrades, 2007. "Trade Openness and Gender in Uruguay: a CGE Analysis," Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) 2407, Department of Economics - dECON.

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