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Seguridad social y competencia política


Author Info

  • Alvaro Forteza

    (Departmento de Economía, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad de la República)


In Uruguay, like in other countries in Latin America, the management of the public social security programs has been frequently criticized. These programs have shown financial problems and high evasion and have been slow to adjust to the demographic changes. I argue in this paper that the poor management, the evasion and the inability to adapt to changing conditions were determined to a large extent by the old rules of the game. The public social security programs were administered with large degrees of discretion, both in terms of granting benefits and monitoring the contributions. I hypothesize that the whole society supported the discretionary social policy, because of the flexibility associated to this policy regime. The discretionary social policy was accepted as a substitute for the formal Welfare State that could not be organized. I also argue that the social security reform initiated in 1995 involved an institutional change that reduces the room for discretion in the system and put a halt to clientelism.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Department of Economics - dECON in its series Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) with number 0403.

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Length: 21 pages
Date of creation: Jul 2003
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:ude:wpaper:0403

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  1. Peter Diamond, 1998. "The Economics of Social Security Reform," NBER Working Papers 6719, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Faust, J. & Svensson, L.E.O., 1998. "Transparency and Credibility: Monetary Policy with Unobservable Goals," Papers 636, Stockholm - International Economic Studies.
  3. Richard Disney, 1996. "Can We Afford to Grow Older?," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 026204157x, December.
  4. Alvaro Forteza, 1998. "Los efectos fiscales de la Reforma de la Seguridad Social uruguaya," Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) 0898, Department of Economics - dECON.
  5. Alesina, Alberto & Tabellini, Guido, 1988. "Credibility and politics," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 32(2-3), pages 542-550, March.
  6. Alvaro Forteza, 2001. "Electoral competition and the unfunding of public pension programs," Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) 0101, Department of Economics - dECON.
  7. Herrendorf, Berthold, 1999. "Transparency, reputation, and credibility under floating and pegged exchange rates," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 49(1), pages 31-50, October.
  8. Olivia S. Mitchell & Flavio Ataliba Barreto, 1997. "After Chile, What? Second-Round Pension Reforms in Latin America," NBER Working Papers 6316, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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Cited by:
  1. Alvaro Forteza & Irene Mussio, 2011. "Assessing Redistribution in the Uruguayan Social Security System," Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) 1211, Department of Economics - dECON.
  2. Mario Bergara & Andrés Pereyra & Juan Andrés Moraes & Daniel Chasquetti & Daniel Buquet & Adolfo Garcé & Rubén Tansini, 2006. "Instituciones políticas, procesos de diseño de políticas y resultados de las políticas en Uruguay," Research Department Publications 3201, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
  3. Marisa Bucheli & Rodrigo Ceni, 2007. "Informality: Sectoral Selection and Earnings in Uruguay," Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) 2007, Department of Economics - dECON.
  4. Álvaro Forteza, 2007. "Efectos Distributivos de la Reforma de la Seguridad Social. El Caso Uruguayo," Latin American Journal of Economics-formerly Cuadernos de Economía, Instituto de Economía. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile., vol. 44(129), pages 31-58.
  5. Alvaro Forteza, 2004. "Uruguay, Pensions and Fiscal Sustainability," Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) 0204, Department of Economics - dECON.
  6. Mario Bergara & Andrés Pereyra & Juan Andrés Moraes & Daniel Chasquetti & Daniel Buquet & Adolfo Garcé & Rubén Tansini, 2006. "Political Institutions, Policymaking Processes, and Policy Outcomes: The Case of Uruguay," Research Department Publications 3200, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
  7. Anna Caristo & Alvaro Forteza, 2003. "El déficit del Banco de Previsión Social y su impacto en las finanzas del gobierno uruguayo," Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) 0703, Department of Economics - dECON.
  8. Alvaro Forteza, 2004. "Uruguay, Options for Pensions Reform," Public Economics 0406002, EconWPA.
  9. Mario Bergara & Andrés Pereyra & Ruben Tansini & Adolfo Garcé & Daniel Chasquetti & Daniel Buquet & Juan Andrés Moraes, 2005. "Political Institutions, Policymaking Processes and Policy Outcomes: The Case of Uruguay," Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) 1805, Department of Economics - dECON.
  10. Ignacio Álvarez & Natalia da Silva & Álvaro Forteza & Ianina Rossi, 2012. "Incentivos y patrones de retiro en Uruguay," Estudios Económicos, El Colegio de México, Centro de Estudios Económicos, vol. 27(2), pages 219-271.


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