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Antecedentes para el Diseño de una Política Tecnológica Nacional

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  • José Miguel Benavente

Abstract

El principal objetivo de este informe es entregar los antecedentes necesarios para evaluar la situación del apoyo público actual a este tipo de actividades. Con este fin, se realiza un trabajo pionero de caracterización de la situación chilena respecto a sus esfuerzos en investigación científica y desarrollo tecnológico como también un esbozo de la forma en que puede ser implementado un Plan Nacional de Ciencia, Tecnología e Innovación. El documento está organizado en cinco grandes capítulos. En el primero de ellos se discute la importancia de las actividades innovativas en el crecimiento económico junto a una caracterización de la situación actual del país en este tipo de actividades. En el segundo capítulo se discuten los aspectos teóricos que justifican la participación activa del estado en la promoción y financiamiento de actividades científico-tecnológicas. En el tercer capítulo se revisa la evidencia internacional acerca de las mejores formas de diseño institucional orientados a promover este tipo de actividades enfatizando fortalezas y debilidades de las diferentes alternativas. En seguida, en el cuarto capítulo, se caracteriza la arquitectura institucional chilena vigente de apoyo a la investigación y desarrollo realizando un análisis crítico de su operación, eficiencia y pertinencia. En el capítulo final se sugiere la forma de implementación de un Plan de Ciencia, Tecnología e Innovación la que considera entre sus directrices, los lineamientos generales que deberían guiar una modificación de la institucionalidad de apoyo vigente en este tipo de actividades.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University of Chile, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number wp229.

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Date of creation: Dec 2006
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Handle: RePEc:udc:wpaper:wp229

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Web page: http://www.econ.uchile.cl/
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  1. Stephen Martin & John T. Scott, 1999. "The Nature of Innovation Market Failure and the Design of Public Support for Private Innovation," CIE Discussion Papers 1999-02, University of Copenhagen. Department of Economics. Centre for Industrial Economics.
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Cited by:
  1. José; Miguel Benavente H., 2004. "Technological Innovation In Chile Where We Are and What Can be Done," Working Papers Central Bank of Chile 295, Central Bank of Chile.
  2. Andrés Zahler & Claudio Bravo & Daniel Goya & José Miguel Benavente, 2014. "Public-Private Collaboration on Productive Development in Chile," IDB Publications 85078, Inter-American Development Bank.

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