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Children's Working Hours, School Enrolment and Human Capital Accumulation: Evidence from Pakistan and Nicaragua

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  • F. Rosati
  • M. Rossi

Abstract

We analyse the determinants of school attendance and hours worked by children in Pakistan and Nicaragua. On the basis of a theoretical model of children's labour supply, we simultaneously estimate the school attendance decision and the hours worked by Full Model Maximum Likelihood. We analyse the marginal effects of explanatory variables conditioning on the "latent" status of children in terms of schooling and work. We show that these effects are rather different, and discuss the policy implication of this finding. Finally, we use our predicted hours of work to analyse the effects of work on children's school achievements.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Understanding Children's Work (UCW Programme) in its series UCW Working Paper with number 8.

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Date of creation: Oct 2001
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Handle: RePEc:ucw:worpap:8

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References

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  1. Heady, Christopher, 2003. "The Effect of Child Labor on Learning Achievement," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 31(2), pages 385-398, February.
  2. Atella, Vincenzo & Rosati, Furio Camillo, 1999. "Uncertainty about children's survival and fertility : a test using Indian microdata," Social Protection Discussion Papers 21334, The World Bank.
  3. Grossman, Michael, 1982. "The demand for health after a decade," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 1(1), pages 1-3, May.
  4. Ray, Ranjan, 2000. "Child Labor, Child Schooling, and Their Interaction with Adult Labor: Empirical Evidence for Peru and Pakistan," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 14(2), pages 347-67, May.
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Cited by:
  1. Geoffrey Lancaster & Ranjan Ray, 2004. "Does Child Labour Affect School Attendance and School Performance?Multi Country Evidence on SIMPOC data," Econometric Society 2004 Australasian Meetings 68, Econometric Society.
  2. Santosh Mehrotra & Mario Biggeri, 2010. "Children in home worker households in Pakistan and Indonesia," International Journal of Manpower, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 31(2), pages 208-231, May.
  3. Orazem, Peter & Gunnarsson, Victoria, 2004. "Child Labour, School Attendance and Performance: A Review," Staff General Research Papers 11177, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
  4. Ucw, 2003. "Understanding Children's Work in Yemen," UCW Country Studies 3, Understanding Children's Work (UCW Programme).
  5. Orazem, Peter F & Gunnarsson, Victoria, 2003. "Child labour, school attendance and academic performance : a review," ILO Working Papers 366541, International Labour Organization.

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