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The effect of availability and distance to school on children's time allocation in Ghana and Guatemala

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  • D. Vuri

Abstract

In this paper we present evidence on the impact of distance to school and school availability on households’ decisions concerning primary age children’s time allocation between work, schooling and household chores activities using data from the Ghana Living Standard Survey 1998-99 (GLSS) and the Guatemalan Living Standards Measurement Survey 2000 (ENCOVI). Overall, our results indicate that the increased and eased access to school has a well-defined impact on children’s time use, with both similarities and striking dissimilarities between the chosen countries. In particular, in Ghana the availability and the travel distance to schools (both primary and middle) in the community influence children’s work in both economic activities and household chores and children’s school attendance. The longer the travel time to school the more difficult it is for children to reconcile work and school attendance. In Guatemala, secondary school access constraints have almost no effect on children’s time allocation. In addition, reducing the cost of access to primary education has an effect only on children’s school attendance but it reduces neither child work nor time spent in household chores. Our results are robust to control for the endogeneity of school location and per capita expenditures.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Understanding Children's Work (UCW Programme) in its series UCW Working Paper with number 40.

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Date of creation: Jan 2008
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Handle: RePEc:ucw:worpap:40

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Cited by:
  1. Mukhopadhyay, Abhiroop & Sahoo, Soham, 2012. "Does Access to Secondary Education Affect Primary Schooling? Evidence from India," IZA Discussion Papers 6507, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  2. C. Katharina Spieß & Katharina Wrohlich, 2008. "Does Distance Determine Who Attends a University in Germany?," SOEPpapers on Multidisciplinary Panel Data Research 118, DIW Berlin, The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP).
  3. Rosati, Furio C & Dema, Guillermo, 2010. "Tendencias en la participación de los niños en la producción económica y el trabajo infantil en la región América Latina y el Caribe panorama regional," ILO Working Papers 468393, International Labour Organization.
  4. Krauss, Alexander, 2013. "Understanding child labor in Ghana beyond poverty -- the structure of the economy, social norms, and no returns to rural basic education," Policy Research Working Paper Series 6513, The World Bank.
  5. Ucw, 2011. "Understanding the Brazilian success in reducing child labour: empirical evidence and policy lessons. Drawing policy lessons from the Brazilian experience," UCW Working Paper 55, Understanding Children's Work (UCW Programme).
  6. Rosati, Furio C & Dema, Guillermo, 2010. "Trends in children's employment and child labour in the Latin America and Caribbean region regional overview," ILO Working Papers 468392, International Labour Organization.

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