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Local labor demand and child labor

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  • M. Manacorda
  • F. C. Rosati

Abstract

This paper uses micro data from the Brazilian PNAD between 1981 and 2002 to ascertain the role that local labor demand – proxied by male adult employment in the area of residence - plays in shaping the work and schooling decisions of children aged 10-15. Contrary to the widespread view that child labor is procyclical, we find evidence that employment (schooling) falls (increases) among young children (aged 10-12) when local labor demand is stronger. This result is consistent with the view that children's work is to a large extent the result of poverty, and that parents want to protect their children from child labor and do so if offered the opportunity.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Understanding Children's Work (UCW Programme) in its series UCW Working Paper with number 34.

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Date of creation: Mar 2007
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Handle: RePEc:ucw:worpap:34

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Cited by:
  1. Furio Camillo Rosati & Marco Manacorda, 2010. "Industrial Structure and Child Labor: Evidence from the Brazilian Population Census," CEP Discussion Papers dp1008, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
  2. Eric V. Edmonds & Norbert Schady, 2009. "Poverty Alleviation and Child Labor," NBER Working Papers 15345, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. M. Manacorda & F.C. Rosati, 2008. "Industrial structure and child labour. Evidence from Brazil," UCW Working Paper 44, Understanding Children's Work (UCW Programme).
  4. L. Guarcello & S. Lyon, 2003. "Children's work and water access in Yemen," UCW Working Paper 53, Understanding Children's Work (UCW Programme).

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