Local labor demand and child labor
AbstractThis paper uses micro data from the Brazilian PNAD between 1981 and 2002 to ascertain the role that local labor demand – proxied by male adult employment in the area of residence - plays in shaping the work and schooling decisions of children aged 10-15. Contrary to the widespread view that child labor is procyclical, we find evidence that employment (schooling) falls (increases) among young children (aged 10-12) when local labor demand is stronger. This result is consistent with the view that children's work is to a large extent the result of poverty, and that parents want to protect their children from child labor and do so if offered the opportunity.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Understanding Children's Work (UCW Programme) in its series UCW Working Paper with number 34.
Date of creation: Mar 2007
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- Furio Camillo Rosati & Marco Manacorda, 2010.
"Industrial Structure and Child Labor: Evidence from the Brazilian Population Census,"
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- L. Guarcello & S. Lyon, 2003. "Children's work and water access in Yemen," UCW Working Paper 53, Understanding Children's Work (UCW Programme).
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