Does Political Reservation for Minorities Affect Child Labor? Evidence from India
AbstractThis paper examines the impact of state level political reservation for two minority groups- Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes-on child labor in India. We estimate the effect of political reservation on child labor by exploiting the state variation in the share of seats reserved for the two groups in state legislative assemblies mandated by the Constitution of India. Using data from state and household level surveys on fifteen major Indian states, we find that at the household level, Schedule Tribe reservation decreases the incidence of child labor, while Scheduled Caste reservation increases the total number of children working. Our results survive a variety of robustness checks and potential explanations for the differential impact of SC and ST political reservation are also explored, including geographic isolation, caste fragmentation, support for the Congress Party, and decentralization of power.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by University of Connecticut, Department of Economics in its series Working papers with number 2014-12.
Length: 41 pages
Date of creation: Apr 2014
Date of revision:
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Affirmative action; Minorities; Child labor; India;
Other versions of this item:
- Kaletski, Elizabeth & Prakash, Nishith, 2014. "Does Political Reservation for Minorities Affect Child Labor? Evidence from India," IZA Discussion Papers 8212, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
- I38 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs
- J15 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Minorities, Races, Indigenous Peoples, and Immigrants; Non-labor Discrimination
- J22 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Time Allocation and Labor Supply
- J78 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Discrimination - - - Public Policy (including comparable worth)
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- Baqir, Reza & Easterly, William & Alesina, Alberto, 1999.
"Public Goods and Ethnic Divisions,"
4551797, Harvard University Department of Economics.
- Alberto Alesina & Reza Baqir & William Easterly, 1997. "Public Goods and Ethnic Divisions," NBER Working Papers 6009, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Alesina, Alberto & Baqir, Reza & Easterly, William, 1999. "Public goods and ethnic divisions," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2108, The World Bank.
- Esther Duflo, 2005. "Why Political Reservations?," Journal of the European Economic Association, MIT Press, vol. 3(2-3), pages 668-678, 04/05.
- Mariella Sica, 2012. "Politics and Religion in India: Minorities," Transition Studies Review, Springer, vol. 19(1), pages 131-138, September.
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