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Globalization and Knowledge Spillover: International Direct Investment, Exports and Patents

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  • Chia-Lin Chang

    ()
    (Department of Applied Economics, Department of Finance, National Chung Hsing University Taichung, Taiwan)

  • Sung-Po Chen

    (Department of Applied Economics, National Chung Hsing University Taichung, Taiwan)

  • Michael McAleer

    (Econometric Institute, Erasmus School of Economics, Erasmus University Rotterdam and Tinbergen Institute, The Netherlands, Department of Quantitative Economics, Complutense University of Madrid, and Institute of Economic Research, Kyoto University.)

Abstract

This paper examines the impact of the three main channels of international trade on domestic innovation, namely outward direct investment (ODI), inward direct investment (IDI), and exports. The number of Triadic patents serves as a proxy for innovation. The data set contains 37 countries that are considered to be highly competitive in the world market, covering the period 1994 to 2005. The empirical results show that increased exports and outward direct investment are able to stimulate an increase in patent output. In contrast, IDI exhibits a negative relationship with domestic patents. The paper shows that the impact of IDI on domestic innovation is characterized by two forces, and the positive effects of cross-border mergers and acquisitions by foreigners is less than the negative effect of the remaining IDI.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales, Instituto Complutense de Análisis Económico in its series Documentos de Trabajo del ICAE with number 2012-16.

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Length: 42 pages
Date of creation: Jun 2012
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:ucm:doicae:1216

Note: The authors are most grateful to the Editor and two referees for helpful comments and suggestions. For financial support, the first author acknowledges the National Science Council, Taiwan; and the third author acknowledges the Australian Research Council, National Science Council, Taiwan, and the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science.
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Related research

Keywords: International direct investment; Exports; Imports; Triadic Patent; Outward direct investment; Inward direct investment; R&D; negative binomial model.;

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Cited by:
  1. Chia-Lin Chang & Michael McAleer & Ju-Ting Tang, 2013. "International Technology Diffusion of Joint and Cross-border Patents," Documentos de Trabajo del ICAE 2013-27, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales, Instituto Complutense de Análisis Económico.

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