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Education, Urban Poverty and Migration: Evidence from Bangladesh and Vietnam

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  • Stuart Cameron
  • UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre

Abstract

This paper finds that rural-urban migrant households have fewer assets, live in worse housing conditions and in areas less well served by public schools, have fewer social connections in the area where they live, and contain adults with lower educational levels than for urban native households. Even conditional on these household characteristics, educational expenditure and grade attainment were both lower for children from migrant households than urban natives. The findings are consistent with migrant children’s education being impeded by bureaucratic obstacles such as the household registration system in Vietnam.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre in its series Innocenti Working Papers with number inwopa679.

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Length: 48
Date of creation: 2012
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:ucf:inwopa:inwopa679

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Related research

Keywords: education; poverty; rural urban migration;

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References

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  1. Berker, Ali, 2009. "The impact of internal migration on educational outcomes: Evidence from Turkey," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 28(6), pages 739-749, December.
  2. Gould, Eric D & Lavy, Victor & Paserman, Marco Daniele, 2005. "Does Immigration Affect the Long-Term Educational Outcomes of Natives? Quasi-Experimental Evidence," CEPR Discussion Papers, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers 5439, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  3. Antman, Francisca M., 2012. "The Impact of Migration on Family Left Behind," IZA Discussion Papers 6374, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  4. AKM Ahsan Ullah, 2004. "Bright City Lights and Slums of Dhaka city: Determinants of rural-urban migration in Bangladesh," Migration Letters, Transnational Press London, UK, Transnational Press London, UK, vol. 1(1), pages 26-41, October.
  5. Farzana Afridi & Sherry Xin Li & Yufei Ren, 2010. "Social Identity and Inequality: The Impact of China's Hokou System," Working Papers id:3003, eSocialSciences.
  6. Michael Grimm, Kenneth Harttgen, Stephan Klasen, and Mark Misselhorn, 2006. "A Human Development Index by Income Groups," Human Development Occasional Papers (1992-2007), Human Development Report Office (HDRO), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) HDOCPA-2006-07, Human Development Report Office (HDRO), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).
  7. Chiswick, Barry R. & DebBurman, Noyna, 2003. "Educational Attainment: Analysis by Immigrant Generation," IZA Discussion Papers 731, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  8. Kenneth Harttgen & Stephan Klasen, 2011. "A Human Development Index by Internal Migrational Status," Journal of Human Development and Capabilities, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 12(3), pages 393-424.
  9. Tansel, AysIt & Bircan, Fatma, 2006. "Demand for education in Turkey: A tobit analysis of private tutoring expenditures," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 25(3), pages 303-313, June.
  10. Martin Ravallion & Shaohua Chen & Prem Sangraula, 2007. "New Evidence on the Urbanization of Global Poverty," Population and Development Review, The Population Council, Inc., The Population Council, Inc., vol. 33(4), pages 667-701.
  11. Holmes, Jessica, 2003. "Measuring the determinants of school completion in Pakistan: analysis of censoring and selection bias," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 22(3), pages 249-264, June.
  12. Joseph Schaafsma & Arthur Sweetman, 2001. "Immigrant earnings: age at immigration matters," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 34(4), pages 1066-1099, November.
  13. Joanne Xiaolei Qian & Russell Smyth, 2011. "Educational expenditure in urban China: income effects, family characteristics and the demand for domestic and overseas education," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 43(24), pages 3379-3394.
  14. Sylke Schnepf, 2007. "Immigrants’ educational disadvantage: an examination across ten countries and three surveys," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, Springer, vol. 20(3), pages 527-545, July.
  15. Grimm, Michael, 2011. "Does household income matter for children's schooling? Evidence for rural Sub-Saharan Africa," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 30(4), pages 740-754, August.
  16. Stanislav Kolenikov & Gustavo Angeles, 2009. "Socioeconomic Status Measurement With Discrete Proxy Variables: Is Principal Component Analysis A Reliable Answer?," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 55(1), pages 128-165, 03.
  17. King, Elizabeth M. & Lillard, Lee A., 1987. "Education policy and schooling attainment in Malaysia and the Philippines," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 6(2), pages 167-181, April.
  18. Minot, Nicholas & Baulch, Bob & Epperecht, Michael, 2006. "Poverty and inequality in Vietnam: spatial patterns and geographic determinants," Research reports, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) 148, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  19. van Ours, Jan C. & Veenman, Justus, 2006. "Age at immigration and educational attainment of young immigrants," Economics Letters, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 90(3), pages 310-316, March.
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