Advanced Search
MyIDEAS: Login to save this paper or follow this series

Labour Market Matters - June 2013

Contents:

Author Info

  • Tran, Vivian
Registered author(s):

    Abstract

    Despite a history built on immigration, immigrants are among those who struggle the most in Canada. Recent research finds that the proportion of recent immigrants (in Canada for 5 years or less) who were in poverty has risen steadily from 24.6% in 1980 to 47% in 1995, before falling to 36% in 2005. Disturbingly, this increase in poverty for immigrants was occurring at the same time as poverty rates for the non-immigrant population was generally falling. At times when the ageing population is expected to impose a heavy fiscal burden through age-related programs like pensions and health care, immigration is often looked upon as a possible way to mitigate that burden. Immigration can also help break skilled labour shortages and production bottlenecks – which can expand job opportunities for domestic-born workers. Importing people through immigration to domestically produce goods and services can be a substitute to importing such goods and services from other countries. In a study entitled “Macroeconomic Impacts of Canadian Immigration: Results from a Macro-model†(CLSRN Working Paper no. 106) by CLSRN affiliates Peter Dungan (University of Toronto), Tony Fang (York University), and Morley Gunderson (University of Toronto) find that additional immigration is likely to have a positive impact on the Canadian labour market and economy in general – with positive impacts on factors such as real GDP and GDP per capita, aggregate demand, investment, productivity, and government expenditures, taxes and especially net government balances, with essentially no impact on unemployment. Older immigrants in Canada often struggle in the labour market compared to both their native-born peers and their younger counterparts. In addition to encountering difficulties with labour market issues related to assimilation and credential recognition, immigrants as a group tend to have difficulty gaining the needed years of contribution to both public and private pension plans due to the fact that a significant part of their working careers may have occurred outside of Canada. When an immigrant arrives in Canada after the age of 50, these problems are accentuated. While the socio-economic welfare of older immigrants is concerning, there is evidence that the effects of the lower incomes on the welfare of older immigrants are mitigated to a certain extent through co-residency, presumably with their younger relatives already resident in Canada. In a CLSRN study entitled “Retirement Incomes, Labour Supply and Co-residency Decisions of Older Immigrants in Canada: 1991-2006†(CLSRN Working Paper no. 116) Ted McDonald (University of New Brunswick) and Christopher Worswick (Carleton University) examine the extent to which older immigrants are able to support themselves in their retirement years, as well as analyze the extent to which older immigrants are more (or less) likely to reside with other family members relative to the Canadian-born as a way of diminishing the effects of low income on consumption.

    Download Info

    If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
    File URL: http://www.clsrn.econ.ubc.ca/Labour%20Market%20Matters%20-%20June%202013.pdf
    File Function: Main Text
    Download Restriction: no

    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Vancouver School of Economics in its series CLSSRN working papers with number clsrn_admin-2013-30.

    as in new window
    Length: 2 pages
    Date of creation: 27 Jun 2013
    Date of revision: 27 Jun 2013
    Handle: RePEc:ubc:clssrn:clsrn_admin-2013-30

    Contact details of provider:
    Web page: http://www.clsrn.econ.ubc.ca/

    Related research

    Keywords: Macroeconomic impact; Immigration; FOCUS Model; Canada; Retirement; Pensions; Income; Immigrant; Labour Supply; Housing; Gender;

    Find related papers by JEL classification:

    References

    No references listed on IDEAS
    You can help add them by filling out this form.

    Citations

    Lists

    This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:ubc:clssrn:clsrn_admin-2013-30. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Vivian Tran).

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

    If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.