Are Recessions Really Good for Your Health? Evidence from Canada
AbstractThis study investigates the relationship between business cycle fluctuations and health in the Canadian context, given that a procyclical relationship between mortality rates and unemployment rates has already been well established in the U.S. literature. Using a fixed effects model and provincial data over the period 1977--â€2009, we estimate the effect of unemployment rates on Canadian age and gender specific mortality rates. Consistent with U.S. results, there is some evidence of a strong procyclical pattern in the mortality rates of middle--â€aged Canadians. We find that a one percentage point increase in the unemployment rate lowers the predicted mortality rate of individuals in their 30s by nearly 2 percent. In contrast to the U.S. data, we do not find a significant cyclical pattern in the mortality rates of infants and seniors.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Vancouver School of Economics in its series CLSSRN working papers with number clsrn_admin-2011-4.
Length: 20 pages
Date of creation: 22 Feb 2011
Date of revision: 22 Feb 2011
Contact details of provider:
Web page: http://www.clsrn.econ.ubc.ca/
Unemployment; Business Cycles; Health; Mortality;
Other versions of this item:
- Ariizumi, Hideki & Schirle, Tammy, 2012. "Are recessions really good for your health? Evidence from Canada," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 74(8), pages 1224-1231.
- I10 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - General
- J20 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - General
- E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2011-03-05 (All new papers)
- NEP-HEA-2011-03-05 (Health Economics)
- NEP-LAB-2011-03-05 (Labour Economics)
- NEP-MAC-2011-03-05 (Macroeconomics)
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