Income Inequality Among Seniors in Canada: The Role of Women's Labour Market Experience
AbstractThe distribution of income among seniors in Canada has changed substantially over the past decade, reflecting an overall increase in income and an increase in income inequality. In this study I decompose the distribution of income among senior couples to determine the extent to which changes in the labour market activity and retirement experiences of women and men have contributed to this shift in the income distribution. I use data from the Canadian Survey of Labour and Income Dynamics, 1996 and 2006, and the methods of Firpo, Fortin and Lemieux (2007, 2009). Results suggest increases in women's access to pension income and employment have driven increases in income across the distribution with relatively small disequalizing effects. Increases in women's access to public pensions have had important equalizing effects, while most of the increase in senior income inequality can be attributed to increases in senior men's and women's education levels.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by UBC Department of Economics in its series CLSRN Working Papers with number clsrn_admin-2009-68.
Length: 61 pages
Date of creation: 28 Dec 2009
Date of revision: 28 Dec 2009
Contact details of provider:
Income Distribution; Elderly; Seniors; Women's Labour Supply; Pensions;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- J14 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of the Elderly; Economics of the Handicapped; Non-Labor Market Discrimination
- J26 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Retirement; Retirement Policies
- J32 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Nonwage Labor Costs and Benefits; Private Pensions
- I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-AGE-2010-01-16 (Economics of Ageing)
- NEP-ALL-2010-01-16 (All new papers)
- NEP-LAB-2010-01-16 (Labour Economics)
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- Leonardo Becchetti & Riccardo Massari & Paolo Naticchioni, 2011.
"The drivers of happiness inequality: Suggestions for promoting social cohesion,"
2011-06, Universita' di Cassino, Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche.
- Becchetti, Leonardo & Massari, Riccardo & Naticchioni, Paolo, 2013. "The Drivers of Happiness Inequality: Suggestions for Promoting Social Cohesion," IZA Discussion Papers 7153, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
- Kees Goudswaard & Olaf van Vliet & Jim Been & Koen Caminada, 2012. "Pensions and Income Inequality in Old Age," CESifo DICE Report, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 10(4), pages 21-26, December.
- Van Vliet, Olaf & Been, Jim & Caminada, Koen & Goudswaard, Kees, 2011. "Pension reform and income inequality among the elderly in 15 European countries," MPRA Paper 32940, University Library of Munich, Germany.
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