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Commuting times: Is there any penalty for immigrants?

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Author Info

  • Blázquez, Maite

    ()
    (Departamento de Análisis Económico (Teoría e Historia Económica). Universidad Autónoma de Madrid.)

  • Llano, Carlos

    ()
    (Departamento de Análisis Económico (Teoría e Historia Económica). Universidad Autónoma de Madrid.)

  • Moral Carcedo, Julian

    ()
    (Departamento de Análisis Económico: Teoría e Historia Económica. Universidad Autónoma de Madrid)

Abstract

Studying the relation between workers’ nationality and their commuting time has been of paramount importance in countries with high immigration rates and ethnical heterogeneity. Most of these studies focus on the spatial mismatch of racial minorities, and consider urban and social structures of the countries/cities where this segregation phenomenon may occur.Currently, immigration is one of the main challenges of the Spanish society. Foreign residents in Madrid region increased 639 % between 1996 and 2004. In this paper we explore the connection between commuting time, residential location and worker’s nationality using an ordered logit model. Our findings reveal that immigrants from ‘transition economies’ and ‘third world’ countries are significantly more likely to suffer higher commuting times compared to natives. These differences can be explained by both housing and labour market restrictions due to discrimination. This commuting penalty is in line with the spatial mismatch hypothesis and residential segregation.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Universidad Autónoma de Madrid (Spain), Department of Economic Analysis (Economic Theory and Economic History) in its series Working Papers in Economic Theory with number 2008/05.

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Length: 28 pages
Date of creation: May 2008
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:uam:wpaper:200805

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Keywords: Commuting flows; Immigration; Spatial mismatch; Labour mobility;

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  1. Louis de Mesnard, 2004. "Biproportional Methods of Structural Change Analysis: A Typological Survey," Economic Systems Research, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 16(2), pages 205-230.
  2. Epstein, Gil S., 2002. "Informational Cascades and Decision to Migrate," IZA Discussion Papers 445, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  3. Rouwendal, Jan, 1999. "Spatial job search and commuting distances," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 29(4), pages 491-517, July.
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Cited by:
  1. Ribar, David C., 2012. "Immigrants' Time Use: A Survey of Methods and Evidence," IZA Discussion Papers 6931, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  2. Daniel Chatman, 2014. "Explaining the “immigrant effect” on auto use: the influences of neighborhoods and preferences," Transportation, Springer, Springer, vol. 41(3), pages 441-461, May.

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