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Competitividad y comercio de servicios en la economía española

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  • Luis Rubalcaba Bermejo
  • David Gago Saldaña

Abstract

La globalización económica ha puesto de relieve la cuestión de la competitividad como modo con el que se consigue tener mayor capacidad comercial. Tradicionalmente, las medidas de competitividad suelen utilizarse para evaluar la competencia internacional entre empresas y sectores manufactureros. Sin embargo, el peso de los servicios en los países más avanzados sugiere estar relacionado con la capacidad competitiva de las economías. El documento establece un marco conceptual de relaciones entre competitividad y servicios, necesariamente diferente al existente entre competitividad e industria manufacturera. Como un caso particular, la parte empírica analiza las relaciones comerciales de servicios respecto al tipo de cambio efectivo real. Con ello se comprueba cómo la famosa paradoja de Kaldor tiene una relevancia diferente en bienes y servicios, y también según la rama del sector servicios que se considere. La ligazón entre posiciones competitivas de servicios españoles –como en el turismo- con los factores de costes que explican parcialmente su capacidad competitiva no siempre responde a lo que cabría esperar.

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File URL: http://www2.uah.es/iaes/publicaciones/DT_05_99.pdf
File Function: First version, 1999
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Instituto Universitario de Análisis Económico y Social in its series Working Papers with number 05/99.

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Length: 42 pages
Date of creation: Sep 1999
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:uae:wpaper:0599

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Keywords: servicios; competitividad; globalización; comercio internacional; Kaldor;

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