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Revisión crítica de las limitaciones y sesgos del análisis económico convencional de las políticas de cambio climático. Hacia un análisis coherente con el desarrollo sostenible


Author Info

  • Emilio Padilla Rosa

    (Departament d'Economia Aplicada, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona)


En el presente trabajo se ponen de manifiesto los numerosos problemas del análisis económico convencional en la evaluación de las políticas de mitigación del cambio climático causado antropogénicamente. Tras señalar las principales características del fenómeno, se destacan las muchas limitaciones, arbitrariedades y omisiones que han caracterizado a la mayoría de modelos aplicados hasta el momento. Éstas actúan de forma casi abrumadora sesgando el resultado hacia la recomendación de una menor agresividad en las políticas de mitigación. En consecuencia, se cuestiona que los resultados obtenidos por los modelos convencionales de evaluación den una respuesta adecuada al problema. A continuación, se señalan algunos de los puntos que deberían tenerse en cuenta para realizar un análisis de las políticas de mitigación coherente con el desarrollo sostenible. Finalmente, se recogen las principales conclusiones del trabajo.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Department of Applied Economics at Universitat Autonoma of Barcelona in its series Working Papers with number wp0206cast.

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Length: 36 pages
Date of creation: Feb 2002
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:uab:wprdea:wp0206cast

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Keywords: cambio climático; control de emisiones; evaluación de políticas; desarrollo sostenible; limitaciones del análisis convencional.;


References listed on IDEAS
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  1. Grubb, M. & Kohler, J., 2000. "Induced Technical Change: Evidence and Implications for Energy-Environmental Modelling and Policy," Cambridge Working Papers in Economics, Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge 0031, Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge.
  2. Grubb, Michael, 1997. "Technologies, energy systems and the timing of CO2 emissions abatement : An overview of economic issues," Energy Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 25(2), pages 159-172, February.
  3. Chichilnisky, G. & Heal, G., 1993. "Global Environmental Risks," Discussion Papers, Columbia University, Department of Economics 1993_03, Columbia University, Department of Economics.
  4. Nordhaus, William D., 1993. "Rolling the 'DICE': an optimal transition path for controlling greenhouse gases," Resource and Energy Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 15(1), pages 27-50, March.
  5. John P. Weyant, 1993. "Costs of Reducing Global Carbon Emissions," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 7(4), pages 27-46, Fall.
  6. Schultz, Peter A & Kasting, James F, 1997. "Optimal reductions in CO2 emissions," Energy Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 25(5), pages 491-500, April.
  7. repec:fth:coluec:645 is not listed on IDEAS
  8. Chakravorty, Ujjayant & Roumasset, James & Tse, Kinping, 1997. "Endogenous Substitution among Energy Resources and Global Warming," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 105(6), pages 1201-34, December.
  9. Padilla, Emilio, 2002. "Intergenerational equity and sustainability," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 41(1), pages 69-83, April.
  10. William R. Cline, 1992. "Economics of Global Warming, The," Peterson Institute Press: All Books, Peterson Institute for International Economics, Peterson Institute for International Economics, number 39, July.
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