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Necesidad de formación en el mercado de trabajo español: composición del empleo y estructura productiva

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Author Info

  • Josep Oliver Alonso

    ()
    (Departament d'Economia Aplicada, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona)

  • José Luís Raymond Bara

    ()
    (Departament d’Economia i Història Econòmica, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona)

  • Hector Sala Lorda

    (Departament d'Economia Aplicada, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona)

Abstract

Este trabajo estudia las intensas transformaciones que se han producido en la composición del empleo español por niveles de educación y por categoría profesional. Mediante una técnica de descomposición “shift-share” se desagregan los efectos inputados al cambio técnico sesgado y al cambio técnico desigual, y se advierte que, en la segunda mitad de los noventa, se ha producido una ruptura con la pauta de comportamiento anterior. En efecto, a partir de 1995, el incremento de participación total del empleo cualificado ha venido determinado con mucha mayor intensidad que en períodos anteriores por el cambio técnico sesgado. Cuando, en cambio, esta influencia se examina desde la perspectiva de la recomposición del empleo por categoría profesional se observa que ha sido mucho menor. Ello permite introducir, aunque de manera muy preliminar, la hipótesis de sobreeducación en el mercado de trabajo español, que según los resultados obtenidos y como es de esperar, sólo afectaría a los colectivos más formados con relación a las categorías profesionales con empleos no manuales.

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File URL: http://www.ecap.uab.es/RePEc/doc/wp0117.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Department of Applied Economics at Universitat Autonoma of Barcelona in its series Working Papers with number wp0117.

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Length: 31 pages
Date of creation: Jul 2001
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:uab:wprdea:wp0117

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Web page: http://www.uab.cat/departament/economia-aplicada/
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Keywords: empleo; cambio técnico; educación; ocupaciones; sobreeducación.;

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  1. Dolado, Juan J. & Felgueroso, Florentino & Jimeno, Juan Francisco, 2000. "Explaining Youth Labour Market Problems In Spain: Crowding-Out, Institutions, Or Technology Shifts?," CEPR Discussion Papers 2398, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  2. Juhn, Chinhui & Murphy, Kevin M & Pierce, Brooks, 1993. "Wage Inequality and the Rise in Returns to Skill," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 101(3), pages 410-42, June.
  3. Beebe, Jack H & Haltmaier, Jane, 1983. "Disaggregation and the Labor Productivity Index," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 65(3), pages 487-91, August.
  4. Teulings, Coen & Koopmanschap, Marc, 1989. "An econometric model of crowding out of lower education levels," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 33(8), pages 1653-1664, October.
  5. Xavier Ramos Morilla & Josep Lluís Raymond Bara & Josep Oliver Alonso, 1999. "Not All University Degrees Yield the Same Return: Private and Social Returns to Higher Education for Males in Spain," Working Papers wpdea9904, Department of Applied Economics at Universitat Autonoma of Barcelona.
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