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Modelling fraud detection by attack trees and Choquet integral


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  • Silvia Bortot
  • Mario Fedrizzi
  • Silvio Giove
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    Modelling an attack tree is basically a matter of associating a logical "and" and a logical "or" but in most of real world applications related to fraud management the "and/or"logic is not adequate to effectively represent the relationship between a parent node and its children, most of all when information about attributes is associated to the nodes and the main problem to solve is how to promulgate attribute values up the tree through recursive aggregation operations occurring at the "and/or"nodes. OWA-based aggregations have been introduced to generalize "and" and "or" operators starting from the observation that in between the extremes "or all"(and) and "or any"(or), terms (quantifiers) like "several" "most" "few" "some" etc. can be introduced to represent the different weights associated to the nodes in the aggregation. The aggregation process taking place at an OWA node depends on the ordered position of the child nodes but it doesn't take care of the possible interactions between the nodes. In this paper, we propose to overcome this drawback introducing the Choquet integral whose distinguished feature is to be able to take into account the interaction between nodes. At first, the attack tree is valuated recursively through a bottom-up algorithm whose complexity is linear versus the number of nodes and exponential for every node. Then, the algorithm is extended assuming that the attribute values in the leaves are unimodal LR fuzzy numbers and the calculation of Choquet integral is carried out using the alpha-cuts.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Department of Computer and Management Sciences, University of Trento, Italy in its series DISA Working Papers with number 2011/09.

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    Length: 22 pages
    Date of creation: Aug 2011
    Date of revision: 31 Aug 2011
    Handle: RePEc:trt:disawp:2011/09

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    Related research

    Keywords: Fraud detection; attack tree; ordered weighted averaging (OWA) operator; Choquet integral; fuzzy numbers.;

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:


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    1. repec:hal:cesptp:halshs-00267932 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. GHIRARDATO, Paolo & LE BRETON, Michel, 1999. "Choquet rationality," CORE Discussion Papers 1999012, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
    3. Michel Grabisch & Christophe Labreuche & Jean-Claude Vansnick, 2003. "On the Extension of Pseudo-Boolean Functions for the Aggregation of Interacting Criteria," Post-Print hal-00272780, HAL.
    4. Grabisch, Michel, 1996. "The application of fuzzy integrals in multicriteria decision making," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 89(3), pages 445-456, March.
    5. repec:hal:cesptp:halshs-00496558 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. repec:hal:cesptp:halshs-00187175 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. De Waegenaere, Anja & Wakker, Peter P., 2001. "Nonmonotonic Choquet integrals," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 36(1), pages 45-60, September.
    8. Grabisch, Michel & Kojadinovic, Ivan & Meyer, Patrick, 2008. "A review of methods for capacity identification in Choquet integral based multi-attribute utility theory: Applications of the Kappalab R package," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 186(2), pages 766-785, April.
    9. Cardin, Marta & Giove, Silvio, 2008. "Aggregation Functions With Non-Monotonic Measures," Fuzzy Economic Review, International Association for Fuzzy-set Management and Economy (SIGEF), vol. 0(2), pages 3-15, November.
    10. Grabisch, M. & Roubens, M., 1998. "An Axiomatic Approach to the Concept of Interaction Among Players in Cooperative Games," Liege - Groupe d'Etude des Mathematiques du Management et de l'Economie 9818, UNIVERSITE DE LIEGE, Faculte d'economie, de gestion et de sciences sociales, Groupe d'Etude des Mathematiques du Management et de l'Economie.
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