The implications of the elimination of the multi-fibre arrangement for small remote island economies: A network analysis
AbstractThis paper explores the topological structure of the network of trade in textiles and clothing (T&C) that were governed by the multi-fibre arrangement (MFA)—a quantitative restriction on developing countries’ exports to developed countries. Trade relations between small remote island economies (SRIEs) and major world exporters are investigated. Initially, many SRIEs benefited because their MFA quotas were not binding and they had unprecedented access to lucrative developed markets. However, they were subsequently disadvantaged by the elimination of the quota system. Network analysis reveals that the MFA influenced the geography of T&C manufacturing and altered the pattern of network formation. The evolution of network statistics shows that SRIEs became more interconnected among themselves during the post-MFA period suggesting an increased preference to trade with closer partners. The network of textiles products is less dense and more stable than that of clothing. On a global stance, post-MFA trade declined but there is evidence of trade convergence.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Department of Economics, University of Trento, Italia in its series Department of Economics Working Papers with number 1201.
Date of creation: 2012
Date of revision:
Small islands; multi-fibre agreement; network analysis; trade;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
- F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
- L14 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Transactional Relationships; Contracts and Reputation
- L67 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Manufacturing - - - Other Consumer Nondurables
- R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2012-02-20 (All new papers)
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