"Voice" and "Exit" in Japanese Firms during the Second World War: Sanpo Revisited
AbstractDuring the Second World War, the Japanese government and private sector searched for and implemented new mechanisms for coordination and motivation. One of these was sangyo hokokukai (sanpo). Sanpo unit was basically an organization of the employer and employees of each firm, which held meetings to moderate labor relations. Due to the government policy to promote sanpo units, around 70% of the total workers in Japan were organized into sanpo units in the early 1940s. As the members of labor unions and the workers of the companies which had factory committees, were only 7 % and 5% of the total workers in 1936 respectively, sanpo was the first large scale mechanism for Japanese employees to voice. In this paper, I examined the role of sanpo, using prefecture level data and firm level data, based on a framework integrating the "voice view" of unionism and the transaction cost economics. It was found that sanpo reduced the participation rate in labor disputes, and enhanced labor productivity at least in some period.
Download InfoIf you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by CIRJE, Faculty of Economics, University of Tokyo in its series CIRJE F-Series with number CIRJE-F-345.
Length: 31 pages
Date of creation: Jun 2005
Date of revision:
Contact details of provider:
Postal: Hongo 7-3-1, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033
Web page: http://www.cirje.e.u-tokyo.ac.jp/index.html
More information through EDIRC
Other versions of this item:
- Tetsuji Okazaki, 2003. ""Voice" and "Exit" in Japanese Firms during the Second World War: Sanpo Revisited," CIRJE F-Series CIRJE-F-243, CIRJE, Faculty of Economics, University of Tokyo.
- NEP-ALL-2005-06-14 (All new papers)
- NEP-CBE-2005-06-14 (Cognitive & Behavioural Economics)
- NEP-HIS-2005-06-14 (Business, Economic & Financial History)
- NEP-SEA-2005-06-14 (South East Asia)
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Brown, Charles & Medoff, James, 1978. "Trade Unions in the Production Process," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 86(3), pages 355-78, June.
- Nicholas Wilson & Michael J. Peel, 1991. "The impact on absenteeism and quits of profit-sharing and other forms of employee participation," Industrial and Labor Relations Review, ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 44(3), pages 454-468, April.
- Daniel I. Rees, 1991. "Grievance procedure strength and teacher quits," Industrial and Labor Relations Review, ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 45(1), pages 31-43, October.
- Tracy, Joseph S, 1986. "An Investigation into the Determinants of U.S. Strike Activity," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 76(3), pages 423-36, June.
- NAKABAYASHI, Masaki, 2008. "Property and Risk: Peasants in the Rise of Modern Japanese State," ISS Discussion Paper Series (series F) f144, Institute of Social Science, The University of Tokyo, revised 29 Apr 2012.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (CIRJE administrative office).
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.