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Does Community Management Help Keep Kids in Schools? Evidence Using Panel Data from El Salvador's EDUCO Program

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  • Emmanuel Jimenez

    (The World Bank)

  • Yasuyuki Sawada

    (Faculty of Economics, University of Tokyo)

Abstract

This paper investigates how community management of schools can affect educational outcomes, such as retention and repetition rates. In our model, parents make decisions about whether their children should remain in school or not, and they monitor the performance of the teachers. To test the theoretical implications, we use a unique data set from El Salvador, which has recently expanded the role of communities in school management through its EDUCO program. We find that EDUCO has a positive and robust influence on students, encouraging them to continue their schooling. Our results suggest that community participation is largely responsible for the positive effect of the EDUCO program. The better classroom environment and careful teacher management under the EDUCO program also seem to contribute to the positive results. We conclude that in El Salvador, decentralization of responsibilities to communities has had significant positive effects on educational outcomes.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by CIRJE, Faculty of Economics, University of Tokyo in its series CIRJE F-Series with number CIRJE-F-236.

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Length: 48 pages
Date of creation: Jul 2003
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:tky:fseres:2003cf236

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  1. Nancy J. Burnett, 1997. "Gender Economics Courses in Liberal Arts Colleges," The Journal of Economic Education, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 28(4), pages 369-376, January.
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  7. Eswaran, Mukesh & Kotwal, Ashok, 1989. "Credit as insurance in agrarian economies," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 31(1), pages 37-53, July.
  8. William H. Greene, 1998. "Gender Economics Courses in Liberal Arts Colleges: Further Results," The Journal of Economic Education, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 29(4), pages 291-300, January.
  9. Ross, Stephen A, 1973. "The Economic Theory of Agency: The Principal's Problem," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 63(2), pages 134-39, May.
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  11. Isham, Jonathan & Narayan, Deepa & Pritchett, Lant, 1995. "Does Participation Improve Performance? Establishing Causality with Subjective Data," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 9(2), pages 175-200, May.
  12. Takeshi Amemiya, 1975. "Qualitative Response Models," NBER Chapters, in: Annals of Economic and Social Measurement, Volume 4, number 3, pages 363-372 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  13. Funkhouser, Edward, 1997. "Labor market adjustment to political conflict Changes in the labor market in El Salvador during the 1980s," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 52(1), pages 31-64, February.
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