Measuring the Extent and Implications of Director Interlocking in the Pre-war Japanese Banking Industry
AbstractEconomic historians have long accepted the view that in prewar Japan, many of the banks were closely connected with certain industrial companies, and those banks loosely gave loans to the connected companies. However, there has been no attempt to test this view quantitatively. In this paper, we measured the extent and implications of the director interlocking in the prewar banking industry, through compiling a comprehensive database of company directors and auditors in 1926. We found that interlocking of directors and auditors between banks and non-banking companies was very pervasive. Nearly 90% of ordinary banks had more than one directors or auditors who were at the same time directors or auditors of non-banking companies. Also, through regression analyses, we found that those banks with interlocking were less profitable and had riskier financial structures, and that interlocking increased the probability of bank closure and bank runs.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by CIRJE, Faculty of Economics, University of Tokyo in its series CIRJE F-Series with number CIRJE-F-138.
Length: 47 pages
Date of creation: Oct 2001
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Other versions of this item:
- Okazaki, Tetsuji & Sawada, Michiru & Yokoyama, Kazuki, 2005. "Measuring the Extent and Implications of Director Interlocking in the Prewar Japanese Banking Industry," The Journal of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 65(04), pages 1082-1115, December.
- Tetsuji Okazaki & Michiru Sawada & Kazuki Yokoyama, 2003. "Measuring the Extent and Implications of Director Interlocking in the Pre-war Japanese Banking Industry," CIRJE F-Series CIRJE-F-241, CIRJE, Faculty of Economics, University of Tokyo.
- Tetsuji Okazaki & Michiru Sawada & Kazuki Yokoyama, 2005. "Measuring the Extent and Implications of Director Interlocking in the Pre-war Japanese Banking Industry," CIRJE F-Series CIRJE-F-355, CIRJE, Faculty of Economics, University of Tokyo.
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- Yokoyama, Kazuki, 2007. "Too Big to Fail: the Panic of 1927," MPRA Paper 2768, University Library of Munich, Germany.
- Kiril Danailov Kossev, 2008. "The Banking Sector and the Great Depression in Bulgaria, 1924 - 1938: Interlocking and Financial Sector Profitability," Working Papers 76, Bank of Greece.
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