Impact of Internal Migration On Political Participation in Turkey
AbstractDuring last sixty years, Turkish population moved from one province to another at the rate of about 7-8 percent per five-year interval. As a consequence of this massive internal migration, population residing in a province other than the one they were born in increased from 12 percent in 1950 to 39 percent in 2011. Impact of this population instability on provincial turnout rates in 2011 parliamentary election is studied, controlling for the effects of other socio-economic, demographic, political and institutional factors. Consequences of migration both at destinations and origins are considered. According to robust regressions estimated, the relationship between turnout and education is inverse U-shaped, and between turnout and age, U-shaped. The latter reflects generational differences as well. Large population, large number parliament members to be elected from a constituency, participation by large number of parties, and existence of a dominant party depress the turnout rate. A percentage increase in the proportion of emigrants among the people born in a province reduces turnout rate in that province by 0.13 percentage points, while a percentage increase in the ratio of immigrants in the population of a province reduces it by 0.06 percentage points. However, at destinations where large numbers of immigrants from different regions are concentrated, the opportunity afforded to immigrants to elect one of their own, reduces the latter adverse impact significantly and in some cases turns it to positive.
Download InfoIf you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Turkish Economic Association in its series Working Papers with number 2014/4.
Length: 11 pages
Date of creation: 2014
Date of revision:
Election turnout; internal migration; political participation; Turkey; voter behavior.;
Other versions of this item:
- Ali T. Akarca & Aysit Tansel, 2014. "Impact of Internal Migration on Political Participation in Turkey," ERC Working Papers 1402, ERC - Economic Research Center, Middle East Technical University, revised Mar 2014.
- Ali T. Akarca & Aysit Tansel, 2014. "Impact of Internal Migration on Political Participation in Turkey," KoÃ§ University-TUSIAD Economic Research Forum Working Papers 1409, Koc University-TUSIAD Economic Research Forum.
- Akarca, Ali T. & Tansel, Aysit, 2014. "Impact of Internal Migration on Political Participation in Turkey," IZA Discussion Papers 8036, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
- Akarca, Ali T. & Tansel, Aysit, 2014. "IMPACT of Internal Migration on Political Participation in TURKEY," MPRA Paper 54191, University Library of Munich, Germany.
- D72 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making - - - Political Processes: Rent-seeking, Lobbying, Elections, Legislatures, and Voting Behavior
- J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2014-04-11 (All new papers)
- NEP-ARA-2014-04-11 (MENA - Middle East & North Africa)
- NEP-CDM-2014-04-11 (Collective Decision-Making)
- NEP-GER-2014-04-11 (German Papers)
- NEP-MIG-2014-04-11 (Economics of Human Migration)
- NEP-POL-2014-04-11 (Positive Political Economics)
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Akarca, Ali T. & Tansel, Aysit, 2007. "Social and Economic Determinants of Turkish Voter Choice in the 1995 Parliamentary Election," IZA Discussion Papers 2881, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
- Zaman, Asad & Rousseeuw, Peter J. & Orhan, Mehmet, 2001.
"Econometric applications of high-breakdown robust regression techniques,"
Elsevier, vol. 71(1), pages 1-8, April.
- Zaman, Asad & Rousseeuw, Peter J. & Orhan, Mehmet, 2000. "Econometric applications of high-breakdown robust regression techniques," MPRA Paper 41529, University Library of Munich, Germany.
- Ali T. AKARCA & Cem BAŞLEVENT, 2010. "The region-of-origin effect on voting behavior: The case of Turkey’s internal migrants," Iktisat Isletme ve Finans, Bilgesel Yayincilik, vol. 25(297), pages 9-36.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Ercan Uygur).
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.