Turkiye’de Ihracatin Gelir ve Fiyat Esnekliklerine Bir Bakis : Bolgesel Farkliliklarin Onemi
Abstract[TR] Bu notta Turkiye’de mal ihracatini belirleyen temel unsurlarin, ihracat pazarlari arasinda ne olcude farklilastigi arastirilmistir. Bu amacla, 2003-2013 donemini kapsayan VAR analizi kullanilarak ihracat talep fonksiyonundaki esneklik katsayilari hesaplanmistir. Ihracatin gelir esnekligi gelismis ulkelerde, ozellikle de Euro Bolgesi’nde, belirgin olarak daha yuksek bulunmustur. Doviz kuru esnekligi ise Orta Dogu ve Afrika bolgesinde hem mutlak deger olarak daha yuksek bulunmus, hem de diger bolgelerin aksine istatistiki olarak anlamli oldugu saptanmistir. Bu bulgular, ihracatin belirleyici faktorleri arasinda, gerçeklestirilen mal ihracatinin kompozisyonundaki farkli yapiya paralel olarak, bolgesel farkliliklar oldugunu teyit etmektedir. [EN] In this note we have investigated to what extent the determinants of Turkish exports differentiate across export destinations. To this end, elasticity coefficients of export demand function are estimated by employing the VAR method for the 2003-2013 period. The estimated values for demand elasticity of exports are considerably higher in advanced countries, particularly in the Eurozone. We have found that the real exchange rate elasticity of exports in the Middle East and Africa region is not only higher in absolute terms but also statistically significant, contrary to other regions. These findings confirm that there are regional variations in the determinants of exports across destinations in accordance with the difference in the composition of export goods.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Research and Monetary Policy Department, Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey in its series CBT Research Notes in Economics with number 1405.
Date of creation: 2014
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