Life chances and class: Estimating inequality of opportunity in South Africa for various life stages
AbstractThis paper aims to determine the degree to which class and socio-economic background influence a child’s life chances and their future perspectives. We build on the growing number of papers that deal with the concept of inequality of opportunity. Comparing children from poor and middle class households we find significant differences in terms of access to basic education, sanitation, clean water and mobility. Our multivariate analysis highlights the importance of class membership for schooling outcomes and labour market prospects of a child. The single most important variable to explain schooling outcomes are mother’s education. While income seems to be less important for younger ages it becomes increasingly important for the chances of reaching matric and obtaining tertiary education. The results are robust for various models and panel data.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Stellenbosch University, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 08/2013.
Date of creation: 2013
Date of revision:
Inequality of opportunity; Intergenerational mobility; South Africa; Middle class;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- D63 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Equity, Justice, Inequality, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement
- I24 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Education and Inequality
- J62 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Job, Occupational and Intergenerational Mobility; Promotion
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2013-04-27 (All new papers)
- NEP-DEM-2013-04-27 (Demographic Economics)
- NEP-LTV-2013-04-27 (Unemployment, Inequality & Poverty)
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