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Life chances and class: Estimating inequality of opportunity in South Africa for various life stages

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Author Info

  • Asmus Zoch

    ()
    (Department of Economics, University of Stellenbosch)

Abstract

This paper aims to determine the degree to which class and socio-economic background influence a child’s life chances and their future perspectives. We build on the growing number of papers that deal with the concept of inequality of opportunity. Comparing children from poor and middle class households we find significant differences in terms of access to basic education, sanitation, clean water and mobility. Our multivariate analysis highlights the importance of class membership for schooling outcomes and labour market prospects of a child. The single most important variable to explain schooling outcomes are mother’s education. While income seems to be less important for younger ages it becomes increasingly important for the chances of reaching matric and obtaining tertiary education. The results are robust for various models and panel data.

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File URL: http://www.ekon.sun.ac.za/wpapers/2013/wp082013/wp-08-2013.pdf
File Function: First version, 2013
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Stellenbosch University, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 08/2013.

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Date of creation: 2013
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Handle: RePEc:sza:wpaper:wpapers184

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Keywords: Inequality of opportunity; Intergenerational mobility; South Africa; Middle class;

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  1. Francisco Ferreira & Jérémie Gignoux & Meltem Aran, 2011. "Measuring inequality of opportunity with imperfect data: the case of Turkey," Journal of Economic Inequality, Springer, vol. 9(4), pages 651-680, December.
  2. Francisco H. G. Ferreira & Jérémie Gignoux, 2011. "The Measurement Of Inequality Of Opportunity: Theory And An Application To Latin America," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 57(4), pages 622-657, December.
  3. Bourguignon, François & Ferreira, Francisco & Menéndez, Marta, 2007. "Inequality of Opportunity in Brazil," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/1552, Paris Dauphine University.
  4. Justine Burns & Malcolm Keswell, 2011. "Inheriting the Future: Intergenerational Persistence of Educational status in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa," SALDRU Working Papers 71, Southern Africa Labour and Development Research Unit, University of Cape Town.
  5. John Roemer, 2006. "Review essay, “The 2006 world development report: Equity and development”," Journal of Economic Inequality, Springer, vol. 4(2), pages 233-244, August.
  6. Ricardo Paes de Barros & Francisco H. G. Ferreira & Jose R. Molinas Vega & Jaime Saavedra Chanduvi, 2009. "Measuring Inequality of Opportunities in Latin America and the Caribbean," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 2580, January.
  7. Patrizio Piraino & Robert Haveman, 2006. "Generational Income Mobility," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 52(3), pages 477-486, 09.
  8. Woolard, Ingrid & Klasen, Stephan, 2004. "Determinants of Income Mobility and Household Poverty Dynamics in South Africa," IZA Discussion Papers 1030, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
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As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
  1. The apple and the tree
    by Johan Fourie in Johan Fourie's Blog on 2013-09-04 06:51:05

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