A survey and comparison of luxury item ownership in the eighteenth century Dutch Cape Colony
AbstractWhat we know about the material culture of eighteenth century Cape Colony settlers is mostly limited to qualitative evidence found in official documents, letters, travel accounts and other correspondence. This paper uses a new quantitative source – the MOOC probate inventories – to ascertain the nature, growth and distribution of luxury good ownership in the Cape Colony. The survey reveals a marginal increase over the course of the eighteenth century in per capita ownership, although the trend masks greater movements within different wealth groups, which supports the notion of high inequality within the European society at the Cape. Yet, even given such inequality, the evidence suggests that even the poorest had access to the most basic amenities. In fact, comparisons with European and North American regions suggest that the Cape settlers were often more affluent, refuting the notion that the Cape Colony was an “economic and social backwater”.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Stellenbosch University, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 14/2011.
Date of creation: 2011
Date of revision:
South Africa; Cape Colony; French Huguenots; VOC; wine; slaves;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- N37 - Economic History - - Labor and Consumers, Demography, Education, Health, Welfare, Income, Wealth, Religion, and Philanthropy - - - Africa; Oceania
- D31 - Microeconomics - - Distribution - - - Personal Income and Wealth Distribution
- D63 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Equity, Justice, Inequality, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement
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- Boshoff, Willem H. & Fourie, Johan, 2010.
"The significance of the Cape trade route to economic activity in the Cape Colony: a medium-term business cycle analysis,"
European Review of Economic History,
Cambridge University Press, vol. 14(03), pages 469-503, December.
- Willem H Boshoff & Johan Fourie, 2008. "The significance of the Cape trade route to economic activity in the Cape colony: a medium-term business cycle analysis," Working Papers 23/2008, Stellenbosch University, Department of Economics.
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