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Poverty and Poverty Dynamics in Rural Ethiopia

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  • Christelle Swanepoel

    ()
    (Bureau of Economics Research, Stellenbosch University)

Abstract

Poverty in rural Ethiopia is vast by any standard. Using the Ethiopian Rural Household Survey (ERHS), which is a panel data set consisting of four rounds between 1994 and 1997, this analysis aims to examine the broad trends in poverty by calculating and decomposing poverty measures of the Foster-Greer-Thorbecke class, as well as to analyse the correlates of poverty by means of regression trees. Furthermore, in an attempt to determine how and why some households experience changes in their poverty status over time, the poverty dynamics of households is studied according to both the spells and the components approaches. Here the distinction is made between transient and chronic poor, and regression analysis is employed to determine whether the endowments and characteristics of these groups differ.

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File URL: http://www.ekon.sun.ac.za/wpapers/2005/wp032005/wp-03-2005.pdf
File Function: First version, 2005
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Stellenbosch University, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 03/2005.

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Date of creation: 2005
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Handle: RePEc:sza:wpaper:wpapers14

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Keywords: poverty; poverty dynamics; Ethiopia;

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  1. Stefan Dercon & Pramila Krishnan, 1998. "Changes in poverty in rural Ethiopia 1989-1995: measurement, robustness tests and decomposition," Economics Series Working Papers, University of Oxford, Department of Economics WPS/1998-07, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
  2. Haddad, Lawrence James & Ahmed, Akhter U., 2002. "Avoiding chronic and transitory poverty," FCND discussion papers, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) 133, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  3. Kakwani, N., 1990. "Testing For Significance Of Poverty Differences ; With Application To Cote D'Ivoire," Papers, New South Wales - School of Economics 90-3, New South Wales - School of Economics.
  4. Alderman, Harold & Watkins, Susan Cotts & Kohler, Hans-Peter & Maluccio, John A. & Behrman, Jere R., 2000. "Attrition in longitudinal household survey data," FCND discussion papers, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) 96, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  5. Mckay, Andrew & Lawson, David, 2003. "Assessing the Extent and Nature of Chronic Poverty in Low Income Countries: Issues and Evidence," World Development, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 31(3), pages 425-439, March.
  6. Jyotsna Jalan & Martin Ravallion, 2000. "Is transient poverty different? Evidence for rural China," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 36(6), pages 82-99.
  7. Shorrocks, A F, 1978. "The Measurement of Mobility," Econometrica, Econometric Society, Econometric Society, vol. 46(5), pages 1013-24, September.
  8. Bigsten, Arne & Kebede, Bereket & Shimeles, Abebe & Taddesse , Mekonnen, 2002. "Growth and Poverty Reduction in Ethiopia: Evidence from Household Panel Surveys," Working Papers in Economics, University of Gothenburg, Department of Economics 65, University of Gothenburg, Department of Economics.
  9. Bob Baulch & John Hoddinott, 2000. "Economic mobility and poverty dynamics in developing countries," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 36(6), pages 1-24.
  10. Fields, Gary S. & Ok, Efe A., 1996. "The Meaning and Measurement of Income Mobility," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 71(2), pages 349-377, November.
  11. Shorrocks, Anthony, 1978. "Income inequality and income mobility," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 19(2), pages 376-393, December.
  12. Philippa Bevan & Sandra Fullerton Joireman, 1997. "The perils of measuring poverty: Identifying the 'poor' in rural Ethiopia," Oxford Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 25(3), pages 315-343.
  13. Hulme, David & Shepherd, Andrew, 2003. "Conceptualizing Chronic Poverty," World Development, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 31(3), pages 403-423, March.
  14. Taryn Dinkelman, 2004. "How Household Context Affects Search Outcomes Of The Unemployed In Kwazulu-Natal, South Africa," South African Journal of Economics, Economic Society of South Africa, Economic Society of South Africa, vol. 72(3), pages 484-521, 09.
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