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A Multidimensional Analysis of Poverty in the Eastern Cape Province, South Africa

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  • Sarel van der Walt

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    (Department of Social Development)

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    Abstract

    This paper sets out the reasoning behind the fuzzy set approach to poverty measurement as a means to address both vertical and horizontal vagueness of poverty. The linear approach of Cerioli and Zani and the totally fuzzy and relative approach of Cheli and Lemmi are discussed and applied to the Eastern Cape Province, South Africa, using data from Census 96. The results indicate different experiences of poverty in the Eastern Cape. It is shown that the traditional money metric approach does not accurately identify the most deprived in society, indicating the importance of other non-metric dimensions in poverty measurement.

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    File URL: http://www.ekon.sun.ac.za/wpapers/2004/wp032004/wp-03-2004.pdf
    File Function: First version, 2004
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Stellenbosch University, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 03/2004.

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    Date of creation: 2004
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    Handle: RePEc:sza:wpaper:wpapers11

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    Related research

    Keywords: multidimensional poverty; deprivation; well being; vagueness; measurement; fuzzy;

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    1. Sen, Amartya K, 1976. "Poverty: An Ordinal Approach to Measurement," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 44(2), pages 219-31, March.
    2. Lars Osberg, 2000. "Poverty in Canada and the United States: measurement, trends, and implications," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 33(4), pages 847-877, November.
    3. Myles, John & Picot, Garnett, 2000. "Poverty Indices and Policy Analysis," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 46(2), pages 161-79, June.
    4. repec:ese:iserwp:2001-22 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Foster, James & Greer, Joel & Thorbecke, Erik, 1984. "A Class of Decomposable Poverty Measures," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 52(3), pages 761-66, May.
    6. Blackburn, McKinley L, 1998. "The Sensitivity of International Poverty Comparisons," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 44(4), pages 449-72, December.
    7. Klasen, Stephan, 2000. "Measuring Poverty and Deprivation in South Africa," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 46(1), pages 33-58, March.
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