Longer lives, fertility and accumulation
AbstractThis paper investigates the implications of an exogenous decline in mortality rates for capital accumulation and fertility in a neoclassical economy with dynastic preferences. The analysis shows that drops in mortality can explain the transition from a regime with high levels of fertility and low output per capita to a situation with low fertility and larger output per capita. The differential impact of mortality declines on different age-groups is shown to be very important in driving this result. A positive effect on per-capita output arises only if the reductions in mortality have a larger relative impact at young ages. The dynamic adjustment is consistent with the non-monotonic path of fertility over time observed over the demographic transition.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Economics Division, School of Social Sciences, University of Southampton in its series Discussion Paper Series In Economics And Econometrics with number 9822.
Date of creation: 01 Jan 1998
Date of revision:
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- Boucekkine, Raouf & de la Croix, David & Licandro, Omar, 2000.
"Vintage Human Capital, Demographic Trends and Endogenous Growth,"
Discussion Papers (IRES - Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales)
2000007, Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES).
- Boucekkine, Raouf & de la Croix, David & Licandro, Omar, 2002. "Vintage Human Capital, Demographic Trends, and Endogenous Growth," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 104(2), pages 340-375, June.
- Raouf Boucekkine & David de la Croix & Omar Licandro, . "vintage human capital, demographic trends and endogenous growth," Working Papers 2000-02, FEDEA.
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