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The Evils of Forced Migration: Do Integration Policies Alleviate Migrants' Economic Situations?

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  • Falck, Oliver
  • Heblich, Stephan
  • Link, Susanne

Abstract

Armed conflicts, natural disasters and infrastructure projects continue to force millions into migration. This is especially true for developing countries. After World War II, about 8 million ethnic Germans experienced a similar situation when forced to leave their homelands and settle within the new borders of West Germany. Subsequently, a law was introduced to foster their labor market integration. We evaluate the success of this law using unique retrospective individual-level panel data. We find that the law improved expellees' overall situation but failed to restore their pre-war occupation status. This holds implications for the design of integration policies today.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University of Stirling, Division of Economics in its series Stirling Economics Discussion Papers with number 2011-14.

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Date of creation: Jul 2011
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Handle: RePEc:stl:stledp:2011-14

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Postal: Division of Economics, University of Stirling, Stirling, Scotland FK9 4LA
Phone: +44 (0)1786 467473
Fax: +44 (0)1786 467469
Web page: http://www.econ.stir.ac.uk/
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Keywords: Forced Migration; Integration policy; Difference-in-Differences; Germa ny;

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  1. Sarvimäki, Matti & Uusitalo, Roope & Jäntti, Markus, 2009. "Long-Term Effects of Forced Migration," IZA Discussion Papers 4003, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  2. Gruber, Jonathan, 1994. "The Incidence of Mandated Maternity Benefits," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 84(3), pages 622-41, June.
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  5. David Card, 1990. "The impact of the Mariel boatlift on the Miami labor market," Industrial and Labor Relations Review, ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 43(2), pages 245-257, January.
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  7. Ola Olsson, 0. "After Janjaweed? Socioeconomic Impacts of the Conflict in Darfur," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 24(3), pages 386-411.
  8. Schmidt, Christoph M, 1994. "The Economic Performance of Germany's East European Immigrants," CEPR Discussion Papers 963, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  9. Prema-chandra Athukorala & Budy P. Resosudarmo, 2005. "The Indian Ocean Tsunami: Economic Impact, Disaster Management and Lessons," Departmental Working Papers 2005-05, The Australian National University, Arndt-Corden Department of Economics.
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Cited by:
  1. Heblich, Stephan & Falck, Oliver & Günther, Christina & Kerr, William R., 2010. "From Russia with Love: The Impact of Relocated Firms on Incumbent Survival," Munich Reprints in Economics 19924, University of Munich, Department of Economics.
  2. Braun, Sebastian & Kvasnicka, Michael, 2014. "Immigration and structural change: Evidence from post-war Germany," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 93(2), pages 253-269.

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