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Financial Globalization and Real Regionalization

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  • Jonathan Heathcote
  • Fabrizio Perri

Abstract

Over the period 1972-86, the correlations of GDP, employment and investment between the United States and an aggregate of Europe, Canada and Japan were respectively 0.76, 0.66 and 0.63. For the period 1986 to 2000 the same correlations were much lower: 0.26, 0.03, and -0.07 (real regionalization). At the same time, US international asset trade has significantly increased. For example, between 1972-99, United States gross FDI and equity assets in the same group of countries rose from 4 to 23% of the US capital stock (financial globalization). We document that the correlation of real shocks between the US and the rest of the world has declined. We then present a model in which international financial market integration occurs endogenously in response to less correlated shocks. Financial integration further reduces international correlations in GDP and factor supplies. We find that both less correlated shocks and endogenous financial market development are needed to account for all the changes in the international business cycle.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by New York University, Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 01-11.

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Date of creation: 2001
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Handle: RePEc:ste:nystbu:01-11

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Postal: New York University, Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics, 44 West 4th Street, New York, NY 10012-1126
Phone: (212) 998-0860
Fax: (212) 995-4218
Web page: http://w4.stern.nyu.edu/economics/
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  1. Banking globalization and international business cycles
    by Christian Zimmermann in NEP-DGE blog on 2010-09-15 20:26:15
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