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Dynamiques du marche d'exportation et productivite au niveau de l'etablissement : impact des reductions tarifaires et des cycles des taux de change

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  • Baldwin, John R.
  • Yan, Beiling

Abstract

Cette etude examine la facon dont la liberalisation du commerce et les fluctuations des taux de change reels influent sur l'entree et la sortie sur le marche d'exportation et sur la productivite au niveau de l'etablissement. Elle s'appuie sur l'experience des etablissements manufacturiers canadiens au cours de trois periodes distinctes caracterisees par des taux differents de reduction tarifaire bilaterale et des mouvements differents des taux de change bilateraux reels. Les profils d'entree et de sortie en reponse a ces mouvements et les resultats sur le plan de la productivite different sensiblement entre ces trois periodes. Comme une bonne partie de la documentation recente, l'etude arrive a la conclusion qu'il y a autoselection des etablissements qui sont presents sur les marches d'exportation - les etablissements qui ont une plus grande efficience ont aussi une probabilite plus elevee d'entrer sur les marches d'exportation et une probabilite moindre d'en sortir. Le contraire se produit aussi : les entrants sur les marches d'exportation ameliorent leur productivite par rapport au groupe dont ils proviennent, tandis que les etablissements qui demeurent sur les marches d'exportation font mieux que les etablissements comparables qui en sont sortis, ce qui appuie la these voulant que l'exportation stimule la productivite. Enfin, nous constatons que les conditions generales d'acces au marche, y compris les tendances des taux de change reels, influent significativement sur l'ampleur des gains de productivite provenant de la participation au marche d'exportation. En particulier, l'augmentation de la valeur du dollar canadien apres 2002 a presque entierement annule les avantages sur le plan de la productivite dont auraient du profiter les nouveaux participants au marche d'exportation.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques in its series Serie de documents de recherche sur l'analyse economique (AE) with number 2010063f.

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Date of creation: 25 Jun 2010
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Handle: RePEc:stc:stcp5f:2010063f

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Related research

Keywords: Business adaptation and adjustment; Business performance and ownership; Economic accounts; International trade; Merchandise exports; Productivity accounts;

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