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Concurrence, roulement des entreprises et croissance de la productivite

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  • Gu, Wulong
  • Baldwin, John R.

Abstract

Le present document porte sur la mesure dans laquelle la croissance de la productivite est attribuable au roulement des entreprises au fur et a mesure que la production est deplacee d'une entreprise a une autre du fait du processus concurrentiel. Le roulement a lieu lorsque certaines entreprises augmentent leur part de marche tandis que d'autres voient diminuer la leur. Une partie de ce roulement est le resultat des entrees et sorties d'entreprises. L'autre est due a l'expansion et au declin des entreprises existantes qui demeurent en activite. Dans le present document, nous proposons une methode permettant de mesurer l'effet du roulement des entreprises sur la croissance de la productivite et nous montrons que cet effet est beaucoup plus important que ne l'indiquent les auteurs de nombreuses etudes empiriques anterieures. Nous soutenons que la concurrence est la principale source de croissance agregee de la productivite du travail dans les industries manufacturieres canadiennes.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques in its series Serie de documents de recherche sur l'analyse economique (AE) with number 2006042f.

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Date of creation: 25 Sep 2006
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Handle: RePEc:stc:stcp5f:2006042f

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Keywords: Business performance and ownership; Economic accounts; Entry; exit; mergers and growth; Productivity accounts;

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References

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  1. Bee Yan Aw & Xiaomin Chen & Mark J. Roberts, 1997. "Firm-level Evidence on Productivity Differentials, Turnover, and Exports in Taiwanese Manufacturing," NBER Working Papers 6235, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Aghion, P. & Howitt, P., 1989. "A Model Of Growth Through Creative Destruction," Working papers, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Department of Economics 527, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Department of Economics.
  3. Guimaraes, Paulo & Mata, José & Portugal, Pedro, 1995. "The Survival of New Plants: Start-up Conditions and Post-entry Evolution," CEPR Discussion Papers, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers 1203, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  4. Andrew B. Bernard & J. Bradford Jensen, 1999. "Exporting and Productivity," NBER Working Papers 7135, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Gu, Wulong & Baldwin, John R., 2004. "Concurrence industrielle, evolution des parts de marche et croissance de la productivite," Serie de documents de recherche sur l'analyse economique (AE), Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques 2004021f, Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques.
  6. John Haltiwanger & Martin N Baily & Eric J Bartelsman, 1994. "Downsizing and Productivity Growth: Myth or Reality?," Working Papers, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau 94-4, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau.
  7. Baldwin,John R. & Gorecki,Paul With contributions by-Name:Caves,Richard E., 1998. "The Dynamics of Industrial Competition," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521633574.
  8. Martin Neil Baily & Eric J. Bartelsman & John Haltiwanger, 1996. "Labor Productivity: Structural Change and Cyclical Dynamics," NBER Working Papers 5503, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  9. Timothy Dunne & Mark J. Roberts & Larry Samuelson, 1988. "Patterns of Firm Entry and Exit in U.S. Manufacturing Industries," RAND Journal of Economics, The RAND Corporation, vol. 19(4), pages 495-515, Winter.
  10. John R. Baldwin & Wulong Gu, 2002. "Plant Turnover and Productivity Growth in Canadian Manufacturing," OECD Science, Technology and Industry Working Papers 2002/2, OECD Publishing.
  11. Wood, Adrian, 1995. "North-South Trade, Employment and Inequality: Changing Fortunes in a Skill-Driven World," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, Oxford University Press, number 9780198290155, October.
  12. Lucia Foster & John C. Haltiwanger & C. J. Krizan, 2001. "Aggregate Productivity Growth. Lessons from Microeconomic Evidence," NBER Chapters, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, in: New Developments in Productivity Analysis, pages 303-372 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  13. Sabourin, David & Baldwin, John R., 2004. "Effet de l'evolution de l'utilisation des technologies sur le rendement des etablissements dans le secteur de la fabrication au Canada," Serie de documents de recherche sur l'analyse economique (AE), Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques 2004020f, Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques.
  14. John C. Haltiwanger, 1997. "Measuring and analyzing aggregate fluctuations: the importance of building from microeconomic evidence," Review, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, issue May, pages 55-78.
  15. Mark Doms & Eric J. Bartelsman, 2000. "Understanding Productivity: Lessons from Longitudinal Microdata," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 38(3), pages 569-594, September.
  16. Frank R. Lichtenberg & Donald Siegel, 1987. "Productivity and Changes in Ownership of Manufactoring Plants," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 18(3), pages 643-684.
  17. Aghion, Philippe & Howitt, Peter, 1992. "A Model of Growth Through Creative Destruction," Scholarly Articles 12490578, Harvard University Department of Economics.
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Cited by:
  1. Baldwin, John R. & Gellatly, Guy, 2006. "Capacites d'innovation : le capital de savoir, gage de survie et de croissance des entreprises," L'economie canadienne en transition 2006013f, Statistics Canada, Analyse economique.

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