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Les mouvements cycliques du taux de change et les prix dans les secteurs canadien et americain de la fabrication

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  • Baldwin, John R.
  • Yan, Beiling

Abstract

Durant la periode qui a suivi 1970, les prix dans le secteur canadien de la fabrication ont tour a tour augmente et diminue par rapport aux prix americains, chaque fois a l'inverse des mouvements du taux de change Canada Etats Unis. Cependant, toutes les industries manufacturieres n'ont pas connu une variation des prix relatifs de meme ampleur. Dans la presente etude, nous examinons les caracteristiques des industries qui sont liees a l'evolution sur le plan de la competitivite, mesuree comme etant le rapport relatif des prix canadiens et des prix americains corriges par le taux de change. Nous constatons que les couts des facteurs de production relatifs et la croissance de la productivite relative sont les deux facteurs les plus importants qui influent sur les variations des prix relatifs au Canada et aux Etats Unis. Les pressions concurrentielles emanant des echanges sont des determinants importants de la mesure dans laquelle les differences de productivite relative se repercutent sur les prix relatifs dans les secteurs de la fabrication des deux pays. Nous constatons egalement que l'ampleur de la concurrence sur le marche interieur et l'intensite des exportations influent sur les variations des prix relatifs a court terme au cours du cycle du taux de change.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques in its series Serie de documents de recherche sur l'analyse economique (AE) with number 2006041f.

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Date of creation: 28 Jun 2006
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Handle: RePEc:stc:stcp5f:2006041f

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Keywords: Intercity and international price comparisons; International trade; Manufacturing; Prices and price indexes; Trade patterns;

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References

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  1. Gagnon, Joseph E. & Knetter, Michael M., 1995. "Markup adjustment and exchange rate fluctuations: evidence from panel data on automobile exports," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 14(2), pages 289-310, April.
  2. S.A.B. Page, 1981. "The Choice of Invoicing Currency in Merchandise Trade," National Institute Economic Review, National Institute of Economic and Social Research, National Institute of Economic and Social Research, vol. 98(1), pages 60-72, November.
  3. John R. Baldwin & Beiling Yan, 2004. "The Law of One Price: A Canada/U.S. exploration," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 50(1), pages 1-10, 03.
  4. Warren, Paul & Yan, Beiling & Bernard, Andre, 2005. "Integration et cointegration : les prix dans les secteurs canadien et americain de la fabrication obeissent-ils a la loi du prix unique?," Serie de documents de recherche sur l'analyse economique (AE), Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques 2005029f, Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques.
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  6. Pinelopi Koujianou Goldberg & Michael M. Knetter, 1997. "Goods Prices and Exchange Rates: What Have We Learned?," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 35(3), pages 1243-1272, September.
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  19. John A. Karikari, 1988. "International Competitiveness and Industry Pricing in Canadian Manufacturing," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 21(2), pages 410-26, May.
  20. Sven W. Arndt & J. David Richardson, 1987. "Real-Financial Linkages Among Open Economies," NBER Working Papers 2230, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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