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Comment les regions du Canada s'adaptent-elles a un marche nord-americain plus grand et plus integre?

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  • Gu, Wulong
  • Sawchuk, Gary

Abstract

Le present rapport porte sur deux questions trop peu etudiees, mais qui deviennent de plus en plus importantes, a savoir la mesure de l'integration regionale et les avantages regionaux de l'integration economique nord americaine. L'objectif est d'evaluer l'integration des diverses regions du Canada et des Etats-Unis dans le secteur de la fabrication et d'etudier, au niveau regional, l'effet de l'intensification de l'integration commerciale sur la croissance de la productivite et sur certaines autres variables du rendement economique. Notre etude montre que l'integration du commerce de produits manufactures entre les Etats-Unis et le Canada et chacune de ses regions s'accentue, mais qu'elle est beaucoup plus importante en Ontario que dans le reste du Canada. Bien qu'elle se soit traduite dans toutes les regions par un accroissement de la productivite, une hausse des salaires et une plus forte croissance de la production, l'Ontario a ete le principal beneficiaire. Nous ne degageons aucune preuve qu'une plus grande integration du commerce de produits manufactures avec les Etats-Unis a eu d'autres consequences que des pertes d'emplois a court terme resultant d'un ajustement. Le Canada et chacune de ses regions ont vu augmenter leur part de la fabrication nord americaine, resultat fort different des conjectures voulant que ce soit les Etats-Unis et non le Canada qui voient croitre leur part de la production nord americaine (Krugman, 1980).

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques in its series Serie de documents de recherche sur l'analyse economique (AE) with number 2006039f.

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Date of creation: 31 May 2006
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Handle: RePEc:stc:stcp5f:2006039f

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Related research

Keywords: Business performance and ownership; International trade; Manufacturing; Regional and urban profiles; Trade patterns;

This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:

References

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  1. John Baldwin & Wulong Gu, 2003. "Export-market participation and productivity performance in Canadian manufacturing," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 36(3), pages 634-657, August.
  2. Davis, Donald R. & Weinstein, David E., 2003. "Market access, economic geography and comparative advantage: an empirical test," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 59(1), pages 1-23, January.
  3. Beckstead, Desmond & Baldwin, John R. & Caves, Richard, 2002. "Changements observes au niveau de la diversification des entreprises du secteur canadien de la fabrication (de 1973 a 1997)," Direction des etudes analytiques : documents de recherche 2002179f, Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques.
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  7. Head, Keith & Ries, John, 1999. "Rationalization effects of tariff reductions," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 47(2), pages 295-320, April.
  8. James E. Anderson & Eric van Wincoop, 2004. "Trade Costs," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 42(3), pages 691-751, September.
  9. Donald R. Davis & David E. Weinstein, 1998. "Market Access, Economic Geography and Comparative Advantage: An Empirical Assessment," Harvard Institute of Economic Research Working Papers 1850, Harvard - Institute of Economic Research.
  10. Daniel Trefler, 2006. "The Long and Short of the Canada-U.S. Free Trade Agreement," STICERD - Economics of Industry Papers 41, Suntory and Toyota International Centres for Economics and Related Disciplines, LSE.
  11. Caves, Richard & Baldwin, John R., 1997. "International Competition and Industrial Performance: Allocative Efficiency, Productive Efficiency, and Turbulence," Analytical Studies Branch Research Paper Series 1997108e, Statistics Canada, Analytical Studies Branch.
  12. McCallum, John, 1995. "National Borders Matter: Canada-U.S. Regional Trade Patterns," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 85(3), pages 615-23, June.
  13. Richard Harris, 1983. "Applied General Equilibrium Analysis of Small Open Economies with Scale Economies and Imperfect Competition," Working Papers 524, Queen's University, Department of Economics.
  14. Gu, Wulong & Sawchuk, Gary, 2001. "Canada's growing market integration with the U.S.--with a focus on trade," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 12(3), pages 283-300, November.
  15. Baldwin, John R., 2004. "Trade Liberalization: Export-market Participation, Productivity Growth and Innovation," Economic Analysis (EA) Research Paper Series 2004027e, Statistics Canada, Analytical Studies Branch.
  16. Krugman, Paul, 1980. "Scale Economies, Product Differentiation, and the Pattern of Trade," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 70(5), pages 950-59, December.
  17. Gu, Wulong & Caves, Richard & Baldwin, John R., 2005. "Responses to Trade Liberalization: Changes in Product Diversification in Foreign- and Domestic-controlled Plants," Economic Analysis (EA) Research Paper Series 2005031e, Statistics Canada, Analytical Studies Branch.
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