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Comparaison des niveaux de productivite au Canada et aux Etats-Unis : etude de certains aspects de la mesure

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Author Info

  • Tanguay, Marc
  • Baldwin, John R.
  • Wong, Fanny
  • Maynard, Jean-Pierre
  • Yan, Beiling

Abstract

Le present document comprend un examen du niveau de productivite du travail au Canada par rapport aux Etats Unis en 1999. A cette fin, deux questions sont abordees principalement. La premiere est celle de la comparabilite des mesures du PIB et de l'intrant travail produites par l'organisme statistique de chaque pays. La deuxieme a trait a la facon dont un indice de prix peut etre elabore pour rapprocher les estimations du PIB par heure travaillee au Canada et aux Etats Unis, qui sont calculees en dollars canadiens et en dollars americains respectivement. Une fois que cela est fait, et que sont prises en compte les autres hypotheses concernant les prix au Canada et aux Etats Unis, les auteurs presentent des estimations ponctuelles de la productivite relative du travail au Canada, pour l'ensemble de l'economie, qui represente environ 93 % de celle aux Etats Unis. Selon les auteurs, on devrait appliquer un intervalle de confiance d'au moins dix points a ces estimations. La taille de la fourchette est particulierement sensible aux hypotheses concernant les prix des importations et des exportations.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques in its series Serie de documents de recherche sur l'analyse economique (AE) with number 2005028f.

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Date of creation: 20 Jan 2005
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Handle: RePEc:stc:stcp5f:2005028f

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Related research

Keywords: Data analysis; Economic accounts; Productivity accounts; Statistical methods;

References

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  1. van Ark, Bart & Maddison, Angus, 1988. "Comparisons of real output in manufacturing," Policy Research Working Paper Series 5, The World Bank.
  2. Jeremy Smith, 2003. "International Productivity Comparisons: An Examination of Data Sources," International Productivity Monitor, Centre for the Study of Living Standards, vol. 6, pages 64-71, Spring.
  3. repec:stc:stcb6f:stcb6f is not listed on IDEAS
  4. D.J. Daly, 1972. "Uses of International Price and Output Data," NBER Chapters, in: International Comparisons of Prices and Output, pages 85-142 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Andrew Sharpe, 2003. "Why Are Americans More Productive Than Canadians?," CSLS Research Reports 2003-03, Centre for the Study of Living Standards.
  6. Robert C. Feenstra & Marshall B. Reinsdorf, 2004. "Should Exact Index Numbers Have Standard Errors? Theory and Application to Asian Growth," NBER Working Papers 10197, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  7. Stefano Scarpetta & Andrea Bassanini & Dirk Pilat & Paul Schreyer, 2000. "Economic Growth in the OECD Area: Recent Trends at the Aggregate and Sectoral Level," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 248, OECD Publishing.
  8. Dirk Pilat, 1996. "Labour Productivity Levels in OECD Countries: Estimates for Manufacturing and Selected Service Sectors," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 169, OECD Publishing.
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Cited by:
  1. Maynard, Jean-Pierre, 2007. "Une comparaison du PIB par habitant au Canada et aux Etats-Unis de 1994 a 2005," Apercus sur l'economie canadienne 2007016f, Statistics Canada, Analyse economique.
  2. Baldwin, John R. & Yan, Beiling, 2006. "Les mouvements cycliques du taux de change et les prix dans les secteurs canadien et americain de la fabrication," Serie de documents de recherche sur l'analyse economique (AE) 2006041f, Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques.

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