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Emploi des meres canadiennes apres la naissance d'un enfant et trajectoires des gains de leurs homologues occupees de facon continue, 1983 a 2004

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  • Zhang, Xuelin
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    Abstract

    La presente etude, qui repose sur le Fichier de donnees longitudinales sur la main d'oeuvre de 1983 a 2004, porte sur l'emploi, la mobilite professionnelle et les trajectoires des gains des meres canadiennes, apres la naissance d'un enfant. Nous avons determine que les taux d'emploi a long et a court termes apres la naissance d'un enfant, dans le cas des cohortes de meres canadiennes du debut des annees 2000, etaient plus eleves que ceux de leurs homologues au milieu des annees 1980, et que par rapport aux femmes sans enfant, les meres canadiennes etaient de moins en moins susceptibles de quitter leur emploi au fil du temps. Nos donnees nous permettent aussi d'examiner les repercussions de la naissance d'un enfant sur les gains pour un groupe de meres canadiennes ayant un niveau eleve d'activite sur le marche du travail. Pour elles, les gains ont diminue respectivement de 40 % et de 30 % l'annee de la naissance de l'enfant et l'annee suivante. Tant selon le modele a effets fixes que selon le modele a tendance fixe, les repercussions sur les gains de la naissance d'un enfant diminuent au cours des autres annees suivant la naissance d'un enfant. Les resultats du modele a tendance fixe laissent aussi supposer qu'a partir de la deuxieme annee et jusqu'a la septieme annee suivant la naissance d'un enfant, les effets negatifs varient entre 8 % et 3 % et deviennent negligeables par la suite.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques in its series Direction des etudes analytiques : documents de recherche with number 2008314f.

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    Date of creation: 27 Aug 2008
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    Handle: RePEc:stc:stcp3f:2008314f

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    Keywords: Labour; Wages; salaries and other earnings;

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