Advanced Search
MyIDEAS: Login

Bases demographiques de la montee de l'emploi et des gains chez les meres seules au Canada et aux Etats-Unis, 1980 a 2000

Contents:

Author Info

  • Hou, Feng
  • Picot, Garnett
  • Myers, Karen
  • Myles, John
Registered author(s):

    Abstract

    Malgre des reformes relativement modestes du regime de bien-etre au Canada par rapport aux Etats Unis, les taux d'emploi et la remuneration des meres seules ont progresse depuis 1980 presque d'un meme ordre de grandeur dans ces deux pays. Nous allons montrer que la plupart des hausses au Canada et une partie appreciable de l'evolution aux Etats-Unis s'expliquent par la dynamique de la succession des cohortes et du vieillissement de la population, la generation nombreuse et plus scolarisee du baby-boom ayant remplace les anciennes cohortes et ayant elle-meme accede a la quarantaine. Au Canada comme aux Etats-Unis, les effets demographiques sont le principal facteur expliquant la montee de l'emploi et des gains chez les meres seules plus agees (40 ans et plus). Chez les meres plus jeunes en revanche, ce qui a surtout joue, c'est l'evolution du comportement sur le marche du travail et d'autres variables non mesurees. Dans l'ensemble, l'evolution demographique a predomine au Canada, mais non aux Etats-Unis, et ce, pour deux raisons : a) les meres seules sont bien plus agees au Canada qu'aux Etats-Unis; b) dans le sens meme de la these de la reforme du bien-etre, l'evolution des comportements a eu bien plus d'ampleur chez les meres seules plus jeunes aux Etats-Unis.

    Download Info

    If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
    File URL: http://www5.statcan.gc.ca/olc-cel/olc.action?ObjId=11F0019M2008305&ObjType=46&lang=fr&limit=0
    Download Restriction: no

    File URL: http://www5.statcan.gc.ca/olc-cel/olc.action?ObjId=11F0019M2008305&ObjType=46&lang=fr&limit=0
    Download Restriction: no

    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques in its series Direction des etudes analytiques : documents de recherche with number 2008305f.

    as in new window
    Length:
    Date of creation: 07 Mar 2008
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:stc:stcp3f:2008305f

    Contact details of provider:
    Postal: Tunney's Pasture, Ottawa, Ontario, K1A 0T6
    Web page: http://www.statcan.gc.ca
    More information through EDIRC

    Related research

    Keywords: Employment and unemployment; Families; households and housing; Family types; Labour; Wages; salaries and other earnings;

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:

    References

    References listed on IDEAS
    Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
    as in new window
    1. Hou, Feng & Picot, Garnett & Myers, Karen & Myles, John, 2006. "Pourquoi l'emploi et les gains ont-ils augmente chez les meres seules durant les annees 1980 et 1990?," Direction des etudes analytiques : documents de recherche 2006282f, Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques.
    2. Rebecca M. Blank, 2002. "Evaluating Welfare Reform in the United States," NBER Working Papers 8983, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. Rebecca M. Blank & Maria J. Hanratty, 1993. "Responding to Need: A Comparison of Social Safety Nets in Canada and the United States," NBER Chapters, in: Small Differences That Matter: Labor Markets and Income Maintenance in Canada and the United States, pages 191-232 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    4. Hanratty, Maria J & Blank, Rebecca M, 1992. "Down and Out in North America: Recent Trends in Poverty Rates in the United States and Canada," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 107(1), pages 233-54, February.
    5. David Card & John E. DiNardo, 2002. "Skill-Biased Technological Change and Rising Wage Inequality: Some Problems and Puzzles," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 20(4), pages 733-783, October.
    6. Michael Baker & Jonathan Gruber & Kevin Milligan, 2008. "Universal Child Care, Maternal Labor Supply, and Family Well-Being," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 116(4), pages 709-745, 08.
    7. Frenette, Marc, 2005. "L'acces aux etudes postsecondaires est-il plus equitable au Canada ou aux Etats Unis?," Direction des etudes analytiques : documents de recherche 2005244f, Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques.
    8. Nada Eissa & Jeffrey B. Liebman, 1995. "Labor Supply Response to the Earned Income Tax Credit," NBER Working Papers 5158, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    9. Martin D. Dooley, 1994. "The Converging Market Work Patterns of Married Mothers and Lone Mothers in Canada," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 29(2), pages 600-620.
    10. Even, W.E. & Macpherson, D.A., 1992. "Employer Size and Compensation: The Role of Worker Characteristics," Working Papers 1992_09_5, Department of Economics, Florida State University.
    11. Hanming Fang & Michael P. Keane, 2004. "Assessing the Impact of Welfare Reform on Single Mothers," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 35(1), pages 1-116.
    12. Moffitt, Robert A., 1999. "New developments in econometric methods for labor market analysis," Handbook of Labor Economics, in: O. Ashenfelter & D. Card (ed.), Handbook of Labor Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 24, pages 1367-1397 Elsevier.
    13. Francine D. Blau & John W. Graham, 1990. "Black-White Differences in Wealth and Asset Composition," NBER Working Papers 2898, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    14. Julie Ann McMullin & Lorraine Davies & Gale Cassidy, 2002. "Welfare Reform in Ontario: Tough Times in Mothers' Lives," Canadian Public Policy, University of Toronto Press, vol. 28(2), pages 297-313, June.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

    Lists

    This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:stc:stcp3f:2008305f. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Mark Brown).

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

    If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.