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Differences entre les sexes relativement aux departs volontaires et a l'absenteisme au Canada

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  • Zhang, Xuelin
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    Abstract

    Les femmes sur le marche du travail sont traditionnellement percues comme etant plus susceptibles de quitter leur emploi, d'etre absentes et de prendre plus de jours de conge que les hommes, et cette difference entre les sexes est largement utilisee comme explication importante des disparites salariales entre les sexes et des autres differences entre les hommes et les femmes sur le marche du travail. Dans cette etude, l'auteur etaie par des donnees les differences entre les sexes en matiere de departs volontaires et d'absenteisme au Canada et tente d'evaluer si ce point de vue traditionnel est encore valable aujourd'hui. Dans le cadre de cette etude, on a constate que le comportement des femmes concernant le depart volontaire a enormement change au cours des 20 dernieres annees. Bien que le taux de departs permanents des femmes ait ete superieur a celui des hommes au cours des annees 1980, il a converge vers celui des hommes a partir du debut des annees 1990 et aujourd'hui, il ne semble pas exister de difference importante dans le comportement des femmes et des hommes canadiens a l'egard des departs. Pour ce qui est de l'absenteisme, nous avons constate que, toutes autres choses etant egales, les hommes et les femmes presentaient une legere difference en ce qui a trait aux conges de maladie payes, mais ne presentaient aucune difference en ce qui a trait aux autres conges payes et aux conges non payes, et la difference a l'egard des conges de maladie payes n'etait pas importante : les femmes prenaient seulement un jour de plus que les hommes. Pris ensemble, ces resultats signifient que, au Canada, les differences actuelles entre les sexes en ce qui a trait aux departs volontaires et a l'absenteisme ne sont pas des facteurs significatifs pour expliquer certaines differences entre les sexes relativement aux resultats sur le marche du travail, notamment les disparites salariales entre les hommes et les femmes.

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    Paper provided by Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques in its series Direction des etudes analytiques : documents de recherche with number 2007296f.

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    Date of creation: 23 Feb 2007
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    Handle: RePEc:stc:stcp3f:2007296f

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    Keywords: Labour; Labour mobility; turnover and work absences;

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    9. Viscusi, W Kip, 1980. "Sex Differences in Worker Quitting," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 62(3), pages 388-98, August.
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    11. Paringer, Lynn, 1983. "Women and Absenteeism: Health or Economics?," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 73(2), pages 123-27, May.
    12. Honore, Bo E, 1992. "Trimmed LAD and Least Squares Estimation of Truncated and Censored Regression Models with Fixed Effects," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 60(3), pages 533-65, May.
    13. Frederiksen, Anders, 2008. "Gender differences in job separation rates and employment stability: New evidence from employer-employee data," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 15(5), pages 915-937, October.
    14. Jacques Raynauld, 2005. "New Evidence on the Determinants of Absenteeism Using Linked Employer-Employee Data," Cahiers de recherche 05-06, HEC Montréal, Institut d'économie appliquée.
    15. Barmby, Tim & Stephan, Gesine, 2000. "Worker Absenteeism: Why Firm Size May Matter," Manchester School, University of Manchester, vol. 68(5), pages 568-77, September.
    16. Arthur Sweetman & Peter Kuhn, 1998. "Unemployment Insurance and Quits in Canada," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 31(3), pages 549-572, August.
    17. Morissette, Rene, 2004. "Les taux de mises a pied permanentes ont-ils augmente au Canada?," Direction des etudes analytiques : documents de recherche 2004218f, Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques.
    18. Brown, Sarah & Sessions, John G, 1996. " The Economics of Absence: Theory and Evidence," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 10(1), pages 23-53, March.
    19. Leigh, J. Paul, 1991. "Employee and job attributes as predictors of absenteeism in a national sample of workers: The importance of health and dangerous working conditions," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 33(2), pages 127-137, January.
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