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Les pertes de gains des travailleurs deplaces : donnees canadiennes extraites d'une importante base de donnees sur les fermetures d'entreprises et les licenciements collectifs

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  • Zhang, Xuelin
  • Morissette, Rene
  • Frenette, Marc

Abstract

En utilisant le Fichier de donnees longitudinales sur la main d'oeuvre de Statistique Canada, nous examinons les pertes de gains a court et a long terme concernant un important echantillon (10 %) de travailleurs canadiens qui ont perdu leur emploi en raison de la fermeture d'une entreprise ou d'un licenciement collectif a la fin des annees 1980 et dans les annees 1990. L'utilisation d'un echantillon representatif a l'echelon national nous permet d'etudier la facon dont les pertes de gains varient selon le groupe d'age, le sexe, l'industrie et la taille des entreprises. De plus, nous effectuons des analyses distinctes concernant les travailleurs deplaces uniquement en raison de la fermeture d'une entreprise et concernant un echantillon elargi de travailleurs deplaces en raison de la fermeture d'une entreprise ou d'un licenciement collectif. Nous avons surtout constate que, tandis que les pertes moyennes de gains a long terme subies par les travailleurs deplaces en raison de la fermeture d'une entreprise ou d'un licenciement collectif sont importantes, celles qu'essuient les travailleurs deplaces ayant beaucoup d'anciennete semblent etre encore plus considerables. Comme l'ont constate aussi Jacobson, Lalonde et Sullivan (1993) aux Etats-Unis, les travailleurs de sexe masculin possedant beaucoup d'anciennete subissent des pertes de gains a long terme representant entre 18 % et 35 % de leurs gains avant deplacement. Dans le cas des femmes, les estimations varient de 24 % a 35 %.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques in its series Direction des etudes analytiques : documents de recherche with number 2007291f.

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Date of creation: 16 Jan 2007
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Handle: RePEc:stc:stcp3f:2007291f

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Web page: http://www.statcan.gc.ca
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Related research

Keywords: Labour; Wages; salaries and other earnings;

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Cited by:
  1. Morissette, Rene & Ostrovsky, Yuri, 2008. "Comment les familles et les personnes seules reagissent-elles aux licenciements? Un eclairage canadien," Direction des etudes analytiques : documents de recherche 2008304f, Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques.
  2. Zhang, Xuelin, 2008. "Emploi des meres canadiennes apres la naissance d'un enfant et trajectoires des gains de leurs homologues occupees de facon continue, 1983 a 2004," Direction des etudes analytiques : documents de recherche 2008314f, Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques.

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