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Mobilite internationale : analyse longitudinale des effets sur les gains individuels

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  • Finnie, Ross
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    Abstract

    La mesure dans laquelle les travailleurs quittent le pays a suscite un grand debat au Canada - et ailleurs - vers la fin des annees 1990, bien que des donnees empiriques recentes revelent que, apres tout, ce phenomene n'etait pas si generalise et que, ces dernieres annees, les taux de sortie ont nettement diminue. Il y a cependant un aspect de la dynamique de la mobilite internationale qui n'a pas encore ete aborde : celui de l'incidence de cette sortie et de ce retour migratoires sur les gains individuels. Si les donnees empiriques manquent a ce sujet, c'est surtout qu'on ne dispose pas du genre de donnees longitudinales necessaire a une telle analyse. Notre propos sera de livrer des indications sur l'incidence de cette sortie et de ce retour migratoires sur les gains individuels grace a une analyse effectuee avec la Banque de donnees administratives longitudinales. Les modeles estimes se reportent aux profils predepart (relatifs) des migrants comme point de comparaison pour l'analyse des tendances des gains (relatifs) postretour afin de tenir compte de toute difference preexistante de profil de gains entre les migrants et les non-migrants (tout en tenant compte d'autres facteurs qui ont une incidence sur les gains individuels en tout temps). On constate de facon generale que, a leur retour, les migrants ont des gains superieurs a ceux des non-migrants; precisons toutefois que la plus grande partie de l'ecart existait deja avant la migration. Au chapitre de la croissance des gains nets, ce sont les gens qui ont sejourne a l'etranger de deux a cinq ans qui obtiennent les meilleurs resultats, leurs ga

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques in its series Direction des etudes analytiques : documents de recherche with number 2007289f.

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    Date of creation: 18 Jan 2007
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    Handle: RePEc:stc:stcp3f:2007289f

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    Related research

    Keywords: Population et demographie; Mobilite et migration;

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:

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