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Quartiers ethniques et croissance des gains des immigrants de sexe masculin de 1981 a 1996

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  • Warman, Casey

Abstract

Dans le present document, nous examinons l'effet des quartiers sur la croissance des salaires ainsi que sur d'autres resultats obtenus sur le marche du travail par les immigrants de sexe masculin au Canada au moyen des donnees des recensements de 1981, 1986, 1991 et 1996. Meme si nous etablissons l'appartenance principalement d'apres le pays de naissance, nous examinons egalement l'appartenance ethnique, la langue et l'appartenance a une minorite visible pour determiner la robustesse des resultats. Conformement aux resultats observes aux Etats Unis, nous constatons que les quartiers fondees sur le pays de naissance ont un effet negatif sur la croissance des salaires des immigrants au cours d'une periode de dix ans. En outre, nous constatons que le modele de croissance salariale est robuste a differentes periodes et differentes annees de reference ainsi qu'a l'utilisation de la langue et de l'appartenance ethnique pour determiner le groupe d'appartenance. Lorsque nous utilisons le pays de naissance comme indice d'appartenance, nous constatons que l'exposition a un effet negatif sur la croissance des gains totaux et hebdomadaires ainsi que sur les salaires initiaux des cohortes d'entree. Meme s'il y a peu de preuves de l'effet des quartiers sur l'evolution de l'emploi, nous constatons que l'exposition a un effet negatif sur les taux d'emploi a l'arrivee au pays des cohortes les plus recentes. En outre, meme si l'effet global des quartiers sur la croissance des salaires est negatif, nous constatons que les quartiers ont un effet different sur differentes cohortes, a savoir, un effet positif sur la croissance des salaires des cohortes plus recentes et un effet negatif sur celle des salaires des cohortes anterieures.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques in its series Direction des etudes analytiques : documents de recherche with number 2005241f.

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Date of creation: 25 Feb 2005
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Handle: RePEc:stc:stcp3f:2005241f

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Keywords: Ethnic diversity and immigration; Ethnic groups and generations in Canada; Immigrants and non-permanent residents; Integration of newcomers; Labour; Labour market and income; Languages; Visible minorities; Wages; salaries and other earnings;

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References

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  1. Krishna Pendakur & Ravi Pendakur, 2002. "Colour My World: Have Earnings Gaps for Canadian-Born Ethnic Minorities Changed Over Time?," Canadian Public Policy, University of Toronto Press, University of Toronto Press, vol. 28(4), pages 489-511, December.
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  7. Alan G. Green & David A. Green, 1995. "Canadian Immigration Policy: The Effectiveness of the Point System and Other Instruments," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 28(4b), pages 1006-41, November.
  8. Baker, Michael & Benjamin, Dwayne, 1994. "The Performance of Immigrants in the Canadian Labor Market," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 12(3), pages 369-405, July.
  9. Cutler, David M & Glaeser, Edward L, 1997. "Are Ghettos Good or Bad?," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 112(3), pages 827-72, August.
  10. Alan G. Green & David A. Green, 1999. "The Economic Goals of Canada's Immigration Policy, Past and Present," Canadian Public Policy, University of Toronto Press, University of Toronto Press, vol. 25(4), pages 425-451, December.
  11. Green, David A, 1999. "Immigrant Occupational Attainment: Assimilation and Mobility over Time," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 17(1), pages 49-79, January.
  12. Derek Hum & Wayne Simpson, 1999. "Wage Opportunities for Visible Minorities in Canada," Canadian Public Policy, University of Toronto Press, University of Toronto Press, vol. 25(3), pages 379-394, September.
  13. Krishna Pendakur & Ravi Pendakur, 1998. "The Colour of Money: Earnings Differentials Among Ethnic Groups in Canada," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 31(3), pages 518-548, August.
  14. Barry R. Chiswick, 2000. "A Model of Immigrant Language Acquisition: Application to Male Immigrants in Canada," University of Chicago - George G. Stigler Center for Study of Economy and State, Chicago - Center for Study of Economy and State 149, Chicago - Center for Study of Economy and State.
  15. Mary L. Grant, 1999. "Evidence of New Immigrant Assimilation in Canada," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 32(4), pages 930-955, August.
  16. Barry Chiswick & Paul Miller, 2001. "A model of destination-language acquisition: Application to male immigrants in Canada," Demography, Springer, Springer, vol. 38(3), pages 391-409, August.
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