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Minorites, capacites cognitives et revenus des Canadiens

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  • Meng, Ronald
  • Finnie, Ross

Abstract

A partir des donnees de l'Enquete sur les capacites de lecture et d'ecriture utilisees quotidiennement (ECLEUQ) de Statistique Canada, nous avons etudie les differences de revenus entre les minorites et les Blancs et l'importance des capacites cognitives dans les modeles de revenus observes. Certains groupes de minorites ont des capacites de lecture et de calcul considerablement inferieures (d'apres les tests) a celles des Blancs et d'autres groupes de minorites ayant mieux reussi sur le plan economique. Par ailleurs, chez certains groupes d'hommes, ces differences expliquent en grande partie les modeles de revenus observes. Les ecarts salariaux entre les groupes ethniques et les Blancs sont, toutefois, beaucoup moins importants chez les femmes; et les variables des capacites de lecture et de calcul n'expliquent pas vraiment ces ecarts. Il est question, dans ce document, des diverses incidences sur les politiques generales.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques in its series Direction des etudes analytiques : documents de recherche with number 2003196f.

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Date of creation: 24 Jan 2003
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Handle: RePEc:stc:stcp3f:2003196f

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Web page: http://www.statcan.gc.ca
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Keywords: Adult education and training; Education; training and learning; Ethnic diversity and immigration; Immigrants and non-permanent residents; Income; pensions; spending and wealth; Integration of newcomers; Labour market and income; Literacy; Low income and inequality; Visible minorities;

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  1. George J. Borjas, 1994. "The Economics of Immigration," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 32(4), pages 1667-1717, December.
  2. Charles M. Beach & Christopher Worswick, 1993. "Is There a Double-Negative Effect on the Earnings of Immigrant Women?," Canadian Public Policy, University of Toronto Press, vol. 19(1), pages 36-53, March.
  3. Peter George & Peter Kuhn, 1994. "The Size and Structure of Native-White Wage Differentials in Canada," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 27(1), pages 20-42, February.
  4. Baker, Michael & Benjamin, Dwayne, 1994. "The Performance of Immigrants in the Canadian Labor Market," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 12(3), pages 369-405, July.
  5. Derek Hum & Wayne Simpson, 1999. "Wage Opportunities for Visible Minorities in Canada," Canadian Public Policy, University of Toronto Press, vol. 25(3), pages 379-394, September.
  6. Krishna Pendakur & Ravi Pendakur, 1998. "The Colour of Money: Earnings Differentials Among Ethnic Groups in Canada," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 31(3), pages 518-548, August.
  7. Peter S. Li, 2001. "The Market Worth of Immigrants' Educational Credentials," Canadian Public Policy, University of Toronto Press, vol. 27(1), pages 23-38, March.
  8. Neal, Derek A & Johnson, William R, 1996. "The Role of Premarket Factors in Black-White Wage Differences," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 104(5), pages 869-95, October.
  9. Rivera-Batiz, Francisco L., 1990. "English language proficiency and the economic progress of immigrants," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 34(3), pages 295-300, November.
  10. Charette, Michael & Meng, Ronald, 1994. "Explaining language proficiency : Objective versus self-assessed measures of literacy," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 44(3), pages 313-321.
  11. Francisco L. Rivera-Batiz, 1992. "Quantitative Literacy and the Likelihood of Employment among Young Adults in the United States," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 27(2), pages 313-328.
  12. Pryor,Frederic L. & Schaffer,David L., 1999. "Who's Not Working and Why," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521651523, April.
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