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Les determinants des activites d'innovation dans les entreprises de fabrication canadiennes : le role des droits de propriete intellectuelle

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Author Info

  • Sabourin, David
  • Baldwin, John R.
  • Hanel, Peter

Abstract

Les auteurs de la presente etude se sont penches sur l'impact de differents facteurs sur l'innovation dans le secteur canadien de la fabrication. Premierement, ils ont determine dans quelle mesure la protection de la propriete intellectuelle favorisait l'innovation. Deuxiemement, ils ont analyse l'apport de la R-D a l'innovation. Troisiemement, ils ont tenu compte de l'importance de diverses competences (marketing, ressources humaines, technologie et production) eu egard a l'innovation. Quatriemement, ils ont tente de voir dans quelle mesure le fait que l'entreprise soit grande et qu'il y ait moins de concurrence etait propice a l'innovation (l'hypothese de Schumpeter). Cinquiemement, l'incidence de la nationalite de l'entreprise sur l'innovation a egalement ete etudiee. Enfin, les auteurs ont analyse l'impact du contexte de l'industrie sur la capacite d'innover de l'entreprise. Plusieurs conclusions meritent d'etre soulignees. Premierement, en ce qui a trait a la relation existant entre l'innovation et l'utilisation des brevets, il appert que l'innovation influe beaucoup plus sur le brevetage que l'inverse. Les entreprises innovatrices protegent leurs decouvertes a l'aide d'un brevet, mais les entreprises et les industries qui ont davantage recours a cette forme de protection n'ont pas tendance a etre plus innovatrices. Deuxiemement, si la R-D est importante, l'acquisition de competences dans des domaines tels que la technologie et le marketing l'est egalement. Troisiemement, l'impact de la taille est significatif. Les grandes entreprises sont generalement plus innovatrices. Pour ce qui est de la concurrence, les niveaux moyens de concurrence favorisent le plus l'innovation. Quatriemement, les entreprises etrangeres ne sont pas beaucoup plus susceptibles d'innover que les entreprises nationales lorsque l'on tient compte des differences observees au chapitre des competences. Cinquiemement, l'infrastructure scientifique inherente a la recherche universitaire est un determinant significatif de l'innovation.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques in its series Direction des etudes analytiques : documents de recherche with number 2000122f.

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Date of creation: 07 Mar 2000
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Handle: RePEc:stc:stcp3f:2000122f

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Keywords: Innovation; Manufacturing; Science and technology;

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References

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  1. Tejedo, Cyril & Truchon, Michel, 2002. "Serial cost sharing in multidimensional contexts," Mathematical Social Sciences, Elsevier, vol. 44(3), pages 277-299, December.
  2. Hanel, P., 1991. "Standards in International Trade," Cahiers de recherche, Departement d'Economique de la Faculte d'administration à l'Universite de Sherbrooke 91-01, Departement d'Economique de la Faculte d'administration à l'Universite de Sherbrooke.
  3. Paul Makdissi & Quentin Wodon, 2001. "Fuel Poverty and Access to Electricity:\\ Comparing Households When They Differ in Needs," Cahiers de recherche, Departement d'Economique de la Faculte d'administration à l'Universite de Sherbrooke 01-03, Departement d'Economique de la Faculte d'administration à l'Universite de Sherbrooke, revised 2004.
  4. Parent, D., 1995. "Industry-Specific Capiatl and the Wage Profile: Evidence from the NLSY and the PSID," Cahiers de recherche, Universite de Montreal, Departement de sciences economiques 9508, Universite de Montreal, Departement de sciences economiques.
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  10. Paul Makdissi & Nguyen Mahn Hung, 2003. "Infantile mortality and fertility decisions in a stochastic environment," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 10(2), pages 1-9.
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  12. Petr Hanel & Sofiene Zorgati, 2000. "Technology Spillovers and Trade:Empirical Evidence for the G7 Industrial Countries," Cahiers de recherche, Departement d'Economique de la Faculte d'administration à l'Universite de Sherbrooke 00-07, Departement d'Economique de la Faculte d'administration à l'Universite de Sherbrooke.
  13. Daniel Parent, 1995. "Wages and Mobility: The Impact of Employer-Provided Training," CIRANO Working Papers 95s-27, CIRANO.
  14. Paul Makdissi & Quentin Wodon, 2006. "Fuel poverty and access to electricity: comparing households when they differ in needs," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 38(9), pages 1071-1078.
  15. Paul Makdissi & Quentin Wodon, 2004. "Measuring Poverty Reduction and Targeting Performance Under Multiple Government Programs," Review of Development Economics, Wiley Blackwell, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 8(4), pages 573-582, November.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Gellatly, Guy & Baldwin, John R., 1998. "La haute technologie est-elle l'exclusivite des entreprises ou peut-elle s'appliquer a l'ensemble d'un secteur d'activite? Donnees recueillies aupres des nouvelles entreprises axees sur la technologie," Direction des etudes analytiques : documents de recherche 1998120f, Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques.
  2. Rama, Ed & Sabourin, David & Baldwin, John R., 1999. "Croissance de l'utilisation des technologies de pointe dans le secteur canadien de la fabrication durant les annees 90," Direction des etudes analytiques : documents de recherche 1999105f, Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques.
  3. Sabourin, David, 2001. "Penuries de main-d'oeuvre qualifiee et adoption des technologies de pointe," Direction des etudes analytiques : documents de recherche 2001175f, Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques.
  4. Hajjem, Olfa & Ayadi, Mohamed & Garrouste, Pierre, 2011. "Complementarities between organizational changes, R&D activity and technological cooperation for the French manufacturing firms," MPRA Paper 34617, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  5. Gellatly, Guy & Peters, Valerie, 2000. "Comprendre le processus d'innovation : l'innovation dans les industries de services dynamiques," Direction des etudes analytiques : documents de recherche 2000127f, Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques.
  6. Sabourin, David & Baldwin, John R. & Smith, David, 2003. "Effet de l'utilisation des technologies de pointe sur le rendement des entreprises du secteur canadien de la transformation des aliments," Serie de documents de recherche sur l'analyse economique (AE) 2003012f, Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques.

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