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L'incidence de la scolarite et l'ecart salarial grandissant entre les jeunes travailleurs et les travailleurs ages

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  • Picot, Garnett
  • Morissette, Rene
  • Kapsalis, Costa

Abstract

A l'aide d'une methode de decomposition par regression, on constate que, pendant les annees 80, la croissance du niveau de scolarite relatif des travailleurs ages a compte pour environ 25 % de l'elargissement de l'ecart salarial selon l'age entre les hommes et les femmes. Au cours des annees 90, l'evolution du niveau de scolarite relatif a figure dans une proportion bien plus forte (pres de la moitie chez les hommes et plus des trois quarts chez les femmes) dans la hausse beaucoup plus faible de l'ecart salarial selon l'age. On constate egalement que, pendant les annees 80, les aspirations salariales hebdomadaires ont diminue chez les jeunes travailleurs de tous les niveaux de scolarite, tant chez les hommes que chez les femmes (de 2 % a 16 %, selon le niveau de scolarite). Chez les travailleurs ages, par contre, les resultats sont variables : les aspirations salariales hebdomadaires ont progresse chez certains et recule chez d'autres.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques in its series Direction des etudes analytiques : documents de recherche with number 1999131f.

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Date of creation: 22 Mar 1999
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Handle: RePEc:stc:stcp3f:1999131f

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Keywords: Education; training and learning; Educational attainment; Job training and educational attainment; Labour; Outcomes of education; Wages; salaries and other earnings;

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  1. Ann P. Bartel & Nachum Sicherman, 1997. "Technological Change and Wages: An Inter-Industry Analysis," NBER Working Papers 5941, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. David H. Autor & Lawrence F. Katz & Alan B. Krueger, 1998. "Computing Inequality: Have Computers Changed The Labor Market?," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 113(4), pages 1169-1213, November.
  3. Steven G. Allen, 1996. "Technology and the Wage Structure," NBER Working Papers 5534, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Paul Beaudry & David Green, 1997. "Cohort Patterns in Canadian Earnings: Assessing the Role of Skill Premia in Inequality Trends," NBER Working Papers 6132, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Alan S. Blinder, 1973. "Wage Discrimination: Reduced Form and Structural Estimates," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 8(4), pages 436-455.
  6. Steven J. Davis, 1992. "Cross-Country Patterns of Change in Relative Wages," NBER Chapters, in: NBER Macroeconomics Annual 1992, Volume 7, pages 239-300 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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