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Life After Welfare: The Economic Well-being of Welfare Leavers in Canada During the 1990s

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Author Info

  • Picot, Garnett
  • Frenette, Marc

Abstract

The 1990s were characterized by substantial declines in the number of welfare recipients in most Canadian provinces. These declines occurred in a period when most provincial governments lowered benefits and tightened eligibility rules. What happened to the economic well-being of those who left welfare in the 1990s? Using longitudinal tax data, this study examines the short and long-term outcomes of welfare leavers across three dimensions: earnings, disposable income and low-income. The role of marriage in post-welfare outcomes is also investigated.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Statistics Canada, Analytical Studies Branch in its series Analytical Studies Branch Research Paper Series with number 2003192e.

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Date of creation: 26 Mar 2003
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Handle: RePEc:stc:stcp3e:2003192e

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Postal: Tunney's Pasture, Ottawa, Ontario, K1A 0T6
Web page: http://www.statcan.gc.ca
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Related research

Keywords: Employment insurance; social assistance and other transfers; Equity and inclusion; Income; pensions; spending and wealth; Labour; Low income and inequality; Society and community; Work transitions and life stages;

References

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  1. Kapsalis, Costa, 2001. "An Assessment of EI and SA Reporting in SLID," Analytical Studies Branch Research Paper Series, Statistics Canada, Analytical Studies Branch 2001166e, Statistics Canada, Analytical Studies Branch.
  2. Fortin, Bernard & Lacroix, Guy, 1997. "Welfare Benefits, Minimum Wage Rate and the Duration of Welfare Spells: Evidence from a Natural Experiment in Canada," Cahiers de recherche, Université Laval - Département d'économique 9708, Université Laval - Département d'économique.
  3. Michael Charette & Ronald Meng, 1994. "The Determinants of Welfare Participation of Female Heads of Household in Canada," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 27(2), pages 290-306, May.
  4. Barrett, Garry F., 2000. "The effect of educational attainment on welfare dependence: Evidence from Canada," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 77(2), pages 209-232, August.
  5. Martin Dooley & Stéphane Gascon & Pierre Lefebvre & Philip Merrigan, 1999. "Lone Female Headship and Welfare Policy in Canada," Cahiers de recherche CREFE / CREFE Working Papers, CREFE, Université du Québec à Montréal 76, CREFE, Université du Québec à Montréal.
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Cited by:
  1. Irvine, Ian & Finnie, Ross & Sceviour, Roger, 2005. "Social Assistance Use in Canada: National and Provincial Trends in Incidence, Entry and Exit," Analytical Studies Branch Research Paper Series, Statistics Canada, Analytical Studies Branch 2005245e, Statistics Canada, Analytical Studies Branch.

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