Cities and Growth: In Situ Versus Migratory Human Capital Growth
AbstractUniversity degree holders in large cities are more prevalent and are growing at a more rapid pace than in smaller cities and rural areas. This relatively high rate of growth stems from net migratory flows and/or higher rates of degree attainment in cities. Using data from the 1996 and 2001 Censuses, this paper tests the relative importance of these two sources of human capital growth by decomposing degree-holder growth across cities into net migratory flows (domestic and foreign) and in situ growth: that is, growth resulting from higher rates of degree attainment among the resident populations of cities. We find that both sources are important, with in situ growth being the more dominant force. Hence, it is less the ability of cities to attract human capital than their ability to generate it that underlies the high rates of degree attainment we observe across city populations.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Statistics Canada, Economic Analysis Division in its series The Canadian Economy in Transition with number 2008019e.
Date of creation: 02 Jun 2008
Date of revision:
Education; training and learning; Business performance and ownership; Population and demography; Educational attainment; Regional and urban profiles; Mobility and migration;
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2008-06-13 (All new papers)
- NEP-EDU-2008-06-13 (Education)
- NEP-GEO-2008-06-13 (Economic Geography)
- NEP-HRM-2008-06-13 (Human Capital & Human Resource Management)
- NEP-MIG-2008-06-13 (Economics of Human Migration)
- NEP-URE-2008-06-13 (Urban & Real Estate Economics)
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