Life after prison The relationship between employment and re-incarceration
AbstractWe explore the relationship between formal employment and recidivism using a dataset that follows every Norwegian resident released from prison in 2003 for several years. By the end of 2006, 27 percent are re-incarcerated. Using a Cox proportional hazard model that controls for a host of individual characteristics, we find that the hazard of re-incarceration is 63 percent lower for those getting employed compared to those not getting employed. While some of the moderating association between employment and re-incarceration is accounted for by observable individual characteristics, the substantially lower hazard for those getting employed indicates a possibility of a considerable benign effect of employment on recidivism. Our analysis thus provides further indication that provision of employment opportunities can facilitate the return to society after release from prison.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Research Department of Statistics Norway in its series Discussion Papers with number 597.
Date of creation: Oct 2009
Date of revision:
prison; recidivism; employment;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- J19 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Other
- K49 - Law and Economics - - Legal Procedure, the Legal System, and Illegal Behavior - - - Other
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