Parental Job Loss and Children’s School Performance
AbstractUsing Norwegian register data we estimate how children’s school performance is affected by their parents’ exposure to plant closure. Fathers’ exposure leads to a substantial decline in children’s graduation-year grade point average, but only in municipalities with mediocre-performing job markets. The negative effect does not appear to be driven by a reduction in father’s income and employment, an increase in parental divorce, or the trauma of relocating. In contrast, mothers’ exposure leads to improved school performance. Our findings appear to be consistent with sociological “role theories,” with parents unable to fully shield their children from the stress caused by threats to the father’s traditional role as breadwinner, and mothers responding to job loss by allocating greater attention towards child rearing.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Research Department of Statistics Norway in its series Discussion Papers with number 517.
Date of creation: Oct 2007
Date of revision:
educational outcomes; downsizing; job loss; layoffs; plant closure;
Other versions of this item:
- Mari Rege & Kjetil Telle & Mark Votruba, 2011. "Parental Job Loss and Children's School Performance," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 78(4), pages 1462-1489.
- I20 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - General
- J63 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Turnover; Vacancies; Layoffs
- J65 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Unemployment Insurance; Severance Pay; Plant Closings
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2007-10-13 (All new papers)
- NEP-EDU-2007-10-13 (Education)
- NEP-HRM-2007-10-13 (Human Capital & Human Resource Management)
- NEP-LAB-2007-10-13 (Labour Economics)
- NEP-SOC-2007-10-13 (Social Norms & Social Capital)
- NEP-URE-2007-10-13 (Urban & Real Estate Economics)
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- Frauke H. Peter, 2013. "Trick or Treat?: Maternal Involuntary Job Loss and Children's Non-cognitive Skills," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 1297, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
- Venke Furre Haaland & Mari Rege & Mark Votruba, 2013. "Nobody Home: The Effect of Maternal Labor Force Participation on Long-Term Child Outcomes," CESifo Working Paper Series 4495, CESifo Group Munich.
- repec:ese:iserwp:2004-21 is not listed on IDEAS
- Marcus Eliason, 2012.
"Lost jobs, broken marriages,"
Journal of Population Economics,
Springer, vol. 25(4), pages 1365-1397, October.
- Venke Furre Haaland & Kjetil Telle, 2013. "Pro-cyclical mortality : Evidence from Norway," Discussion Papers 766, Research Department of Statistics Norway.
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