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Technology, Trade and Inequality

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Author Info

  • Roger Bjørnstad
  • Terje Skjerpen

    ()
    (Statistics Norway)

Abstract

In recent decades new technology has led to increasing demand for well-educated labour at the expense of labour with lower education levels. Moreover, increased imports from low-cost countries have squeezed out many Norwegian manufacturing firms employing a sizeable share of workers with low education. In this article a large macroeconomic model for Norway (MODAG) is used to quantify the importance that technological developments and competition from low-cost countries have had for the economy and for low- and high-educated labour. The results show that above all technological developments, but also increased trade with low-cost countries, have reduced demand for low-educated labour relative to well-educated labour. Wage formation factors have however meant a) that technological developments have also benefited those with low education who still hold a job, and b) that a relative fall in prices on goods from poor parts of the world has kept down wage differentials.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Research Department of Statistics Norway in its series Discussion Papers with number 364.

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Date of creation: Dec 2003
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Handle: RePEc:ssb:dispap:364

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Related research

Keywords: Skill-bias technological change; international trade; centralized wage setting; inequality; labour demand; macroeconometric model.;

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References

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Bjornstad, Roger & Skjerpen, Terje, 2006. "Trade and inequality in wages and unemployment," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 23(1), pages 20-44, January.

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